Plants in the marine biome have flexible stems and leaves. This allows them to move freely. Floating plants have air pockets in their stem, which keeps them up in the water.Know More
Plants adapt in different ways depending on if they are submerged or floating. Floating plants feature a waxy upper surface, which helps to repel water. The upper surface also contains the chlorophyll needed for photosynthesis. Submerged plants employ a different water circulation system; instead of running water though stems, they absorb water and nutrients from the surrounding habitat. The roots of a submerged plant are primarily for anchorage and not for sourcing nutrients. This prevents them from being swept away by the currents.
The marine biome is the largest in the world, covering close to 70 percent of the earth's surface. It is also home to the most diverse collection of life: scientists have discovered over a million plant species living in this biome and estimate that there are still nine times this amount yet undiscovered. Many of the plants in this habitat rely on photosynthesis for nutrition. Algae is a particularly important plant, as it is responsible for the production of nearly half the oxygen on the planet.Learn more about Botany
The cactus is a member of the taxonomic family Cactaceae, a group of succulent plants that perform photosynthesis in their stems instead of in their leaves. Many species are able to survive in extremely dry environments by storing water in their stems.Full Answer >
Plants that have woody stems are leaves, bushes and shrubs such as lilac and forsythia plants. Shrubs and bushes are similar to trees, but have a few major differences such as height and branches.Full Answer >
Plant stems are multitaskers: they support the growth of leaves and buds and serve as transportation routes for water, food and minerals. Plant stems are among the most recognizable physical features of plants; they also hold leaves, buds and flowers upright and keep them from toppling over in heavy winds and rain. Although stems do not appear at first glance to be doing much of anything, plenty of activity takes place beneath their surfaces.Full Answer >
The root system consists of the roots, while the shoot system is made up of the stems and leaves. The shoot system conducts substances up and down the plant; the root system stores food and retrieves nutrients from soil.Full Answer >