Desert plants strengthen and maximize their chances of survival in arid environments through behavioral and physical adaptation mechanisms. Much like desert animals, desert plants such as cactus, agave and owl's clover practice different but effective adaptive strategies, including drought tolerance, succulence and drought avoidance. These techniques enable indigenous organisms to survive and thrive in an arid desert, though these same mechanisms also prevent them from adapting in a different environment.Know More
Desert plants are remarkably different than plants from rainforests or other regions. They have thick, thorny bodies and tiny leaves that, unlike other plants, are rarely bright green in color. Phreatophytes, for example, are drought tolerant plants with very long roots that enable them to obtain water from near the water table. A succulent plant, cacti store water in their fleshy leaves, which allows them to absorb large amounts of water in a short period of time. Some desert plants remain dormant during dry or wet times of year. Desert sunflowers are annual wildflowers that cease to exist during unfavorable conditions. They complete their reproductive cycle during the wet season and then die after spending all their energy to produce seeds.
Many plants may not thrive or even survive in an arid or cold desert environment, but animals and plants that have spent all their lives in this type of habitat are able to live and flourish in deserts, even during the most extreme weather.Learn more about Botany
Plants adapt to different climates by modifying their leaves or stems or by shedding their leaves en masse in the fall and going dormant during the winter when there is less water available. They may also have root systems and reproductive strategies that are adapted to the climate.Full Answer >
Plants adapt to the environment by modifying their leaves, stem and roots. Desert plants such as the cactus modify their leaves into thorns to prevent loss of moisture through transpiration. Plants such as the lotus grow in water, have modified stems with pores and have short roots.Full Answer >
Ideal conditions for a plant will vary by species. For example, the soggy soil that would kill a cactus is a must for bog-loving plants like Venus flytraps.Full Answer >
Plants adapt to the harsh climate of the desert in many ways, but most find some way to conserve water as much as possible. Some plants do this by storing water internally, while other plants have evolved waxy cuticles that cover their leaves, thereby limiting losses through transpiration. Additionally, a number of desert plants have evolved the ability to lie dormant until rains arrive.Full Answer >