Q:

How do plants adapt to their environment?

A:

Plants adapt to the environment by modifying their leaves, stem and roots. Desert plants such as the cactus modify their leaves into thorns to prevent loss of moisture through transpiration. Plants such as the lotus grow in water, have modified stems with pores and have short roots.

Plants growing in dry, arid regions have long tap roots that allow them to search deep underground for moisture. In very cold regions, the leaves of plants are needle-shaped. Plants that grow in tropical rainforests have broad leaves to allow more transpiration to take place, as the humidity levels are very high.

Desert plants are called xerophytes, while plants growing in water are called hydrophytes. Mesophytes are plants that grow in regions with moderate amounts of precipitation.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    How do plants adapt to desert conditions?

    A:

    Desert plants strengthen and maximize their chances of survival in arid environments through behavioral and physical adaptation mechanisms. Much like desert animals, desert plants such as cactus, agave and owl's clover practice different but effective adaptive strategies, including drought tolerance, succulence and drought avoidance. These techniques enable indigenous organisms to survive and thrive in an arid desert, though these same mechanisms also prevent them from adapting in a different environment.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How do plants adapt to cold weather?

    A:

    The National Snow and Ice Data Center explains that different species of plants adapt to cold weather in a variety of ways, such as growing in forms that shed snow readily or by retaining dead leaves to help insulate the plant. Unlike birds and other animals that can migrate to avoid harsh winter weather, plants must find a way to cope with the cold temperatures without leaving.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are examples of woody stem plants?

    A:

    Plants that have woody stems are leaves, bushes and shrubs such as lilac and forsythia plants. Shrubs and bushes are similar to trees, but have a few major differences such as height and branches.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How do plants absorb carbon dioxide?

    A:

    Plants absorb carbon dioxide from the air, through the stomata present in their leaves. Stomata are small holes that are present in the underside of leaves.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore