Q:

How are plants and animals classified?

A:

Quick Answer

Plants and animals are classified based upon their prevailing characteristics and traits. Biological organisms with similar characteristics are placed in the same group. The order of classification goes from the kingdom of the biological life form down to the genus and species of the organism. The five kingdoms are animals, plants, protists, fungi and moneran.

Know More

Full Answer

In descending order, organisms are placed in a kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus and then species. The kingdom denotes the largest and most general group. The phylum narrows down the general group a little farther, all the way down to the genus and species.

The classification system is based upon Latin names. The scientific classification of human beings, from kingdom to species, follows: animalia, chordata, vertebrata, mammalia primata, hominidae and then "homo sapiens." Chordates are animals with a spinal cord. Vertebrates have backbones protecting the spinal cord. Mammals have fur and give live birth. Primates have opposable thumbs and can walk upright. Hominids include gorillas, orangutans, chimpanzees and humans, all of which have larger brains than other primates.

The scientific classification system of biological life forms was invented by Swedish botanist Carl von Linne, or Carolus Linnaeus in Latin. Linnaeus began his work in 1735. The scientific names of animals are listed by their genus and species together with the genus name capitalized, hence humans are "Homo sapiens."

Learn more about Zoology

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What animals eat plants?

    A:

    Herbivores and omnivores are animals that eat plants. The herbivore is a group of animals that only eats plants, and the omnivore is a group of animals that eats both plants and animals.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Are zoos good or bad for animals?

    A:

    Zoos may be good or bad for animals, depending on the cleanliness of the facility, quality of the establishment, knowledge of zoo staff and other factors. Arguments supporting keeping animals in zoos argue zoos save animals from high risks of extinction. Arguments opposing housing animals in zoos cite the lack of replicating true environmental conditions, which jeopardizes the health and happiness of resident animals.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are some animals that are carnivores, herbivores and omnivores?

    A:

    Bears, deer and wolves are examples of omnivores, herbivores and carnivores respectively. Many animals that are considered carnivores, such as foxes, actually eat plants as well. Not only do red foxes eat fruit, but they sometimes eat carrion.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are some animals that live alone?

    A:

    There are many species of animals on Earth that spend the majority of their lives alone, including species of reptiles, amphibians, mammals, fish, insects and arachnids. Solitude is common in the animal world, and it may be only during the mating season that individual members of a species interact with each other.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore