Plants are green because of a pigment called chlorophyll. Chlorophyll absorbs all colors of visible light except for green, which is reflected. Thus, the reflection of the green part of visible light is what causes plants to look green.Know More
Organelles called chloroplasts contain the pigment chlorophyll. Photosynthesis is the process of making food out of carbon dioxide, water and sunlight. All organisms capable of performing photosynthesis, except for the photosynthetic bacteria, contain chlorophyll. Two types of chlorophyll exist in green plants, with the most prevalent being chlorophyll-a. Chlorophyll-b also occurs in all plants, but in smaller amounts than chlorophyll-a.
Other energy-absorbing pigments also exist in plants. Carotenoids, the pigments that give carrots and fall leaves their orange color, absorb all colors of the visible spectrum except for orange, while lycopene gives tomatoes their red color.Learn more about Botany
Leaves appear green because they contain chlorophyll. Chlorophyll absorbs the other colors of light wavelengths, leaving only the green reflected, and therefore visible to the human eye.Full Answer >
Plants provide food to people and animals, regulate the water cycle, create oxygen and provide a habitat for other species. Without plants, life on Earth would not be sustainable for most species, including humans.Full Answer >
Plants are necessary because they are a primary food source and provide the oxygen that is vital to animals' and humans' existence. A majority of the calories that people consume comes from plants, and most meat comes from animals that eat plants. Plants are at the bottom of the food chain, and animals could not survive without them. Plants also release the oxygen that humans and animals breathe.Full Answer >
Chlorophyll is a biomolecule that appears to be green because all the green light is reflected back to the eyes, as chlorophyll only absorbs red and blue light. Without this critical biomolecule, photosynthesis would be unable to occur. Photosynthesis allows plants to absorb energy from light.Full Answer >