Internally, plants are equipped with immune systems to defend against pathogens, and many produce chemicals to ward off attacks from potential predators, such as beetles, worms and other insects. Some plants also have spiky thistles and needles along their stems and branches to make them unappealing (and inedible) to prey, while others sprout colorful blossoms that are certainly pleasing to the eye, but more importantly, warn predators that plants have venom or toxic chemicals within.Know More
Like humans, plants have immune systems that protect them against attack from pathogens. Just as hormones and chemicals defend people against viruses, bacteria and other diseases, the immune systems of plants contain chemicals and nutrients that fight off attacks from diseases and parasites. Many plants produce the chemicals that they need to build their defense systems during the earliest stages of life, while others begin producing those agents following encounters with foreign pathogens.
In addition to their active immune systems, plants secrete special chemicals, which are often scentless and invisible to the human eye but can be seen and smelled from afar by birds, insects and bugs. Some plants, instead of keeping predators at bay, produce sweet and syrupy substances that attract aphids, worms and other organisms; these syrups are consumed by those organisms and contain toxins that ultimately kill them.Learn more about Botany
Plants are green because of a pigment called chlorophyll. Chlorophyll absorbs all colors of visible light except for green, which is reflected. Thus, the reflection of the green part of visible light is what causes plants to look green.Full Answer >
Seals protect themselves by using their sensitive ears to let them know when they should swim away from danger, and by using their sharp teeth and strong jaws to defend themselves if they need to fight. A seal's streamlined body allows them to swim away from predators at rapid speeds, which is typically how the seals stay away from predators.Full Answer >
The purpose of sepals is to protect the flower of a plant and prevent it from drying out, the Education Portal explains. They form a tightly closed area, known as a bud, wherein the flower develops.Full Answer >
Plants either reproduce sexually or asexually, depending on the type of plant. In sexual reproduction, two germ cells, or gametes, fuse to create the beginning of a genetically unique offspring. In asexual reproduction, a plant cell splits in two to create a genetically identical offspring.Full Answer >