Some of the 11,000 plant species found in the Congo rainforest include legume trees, Raphia palms, Okoume trees and mahogany trees. Other plants include evergreens and palm oil trees.Know More
The oil palm is a tree found in the Congo. This tree is used to make many commercial products, such as chocolate, candles, soap and lubricating creams. In fact, oil palms are so useful that parts of the Congo have been deforested in order to make way for plantations.
The mahogany tree is abundant in the Congo rainforest and popular for its rough grained, dark-colored wood. It is used to make furniture, wood flooring and boats. The okoume tree is one of the most logged trees in the Congo because of its light weight. It is used to make plywood and wood veneer products.
While the canopy of the Congo rainforest is made up of the tallest, leafy trees, the second layer of understory plants contain shorter evergreen trees and palms trees. Some plants grow onto the trees in this layer instead of into the ground. This is also where Caesalpiniaceae or legume trees grow. These trees are characterized by the legume seed or pod. One of these plants is the Bauhinia galpinii, a shrub that climbs onto other rainforest trees.Learn more about Botany
Plants provide food to people and animals, regulate the water cycle, create oxygen and provide a habitat for other species. Without plants, life on Earth would not be sustainable for most species, including humans.Full Answer >
According to Biosciences for Farming in Africa, sexual reproduction in plants occurs when pollen from a plant's stamen reaches the stigma of a flower. The pollen contains sperm cells while the stigma holds the corresponding eggs. When the two meet, the sperm cells fertilize the egg, creating an embryonic seed that later germinates into a new plant.Full Answer >
Cindy Haynes of the Department of Horticulture at Iowa State University explains that the main difference between dioecious and monoecious plants is that dioecious plants have male and female flowers on different plants, while monoecious plants have male and female flowers on the same plant. This basically means that dioecious plants only bear flowers with a single gender’s reproductive organs.Full Answer >
Internally, plants are equipped with immune systems to defend against pathogens, and many produce chemicals to ward off attacks from potential predators, such as beetles, worms and other insects. Some plants also have spiky thistles and needles along their stems and branches to make them unappealing (and inedible) to prey, while others sprout colorful blossoms that are certainly pleasing to the eye, but more importantly, warn predators that plants have venom or toxic chemicals within.Full Answer >