A plateau is a raised area of land, much like a mountain with a flat-looking top. A plateau may have one or more steep sides. Plateaus occur in various areas of the world and have different visual characteristics such as grasslands or desert terrain.Know More
Different types of plateaus such as a mesa or butte have varying degrees of flatness. The world's largest plateau is the Tibetan Plateau and is referred to as the roof of the world because it is over 3 miles above sea level. The second-largest plateau in the world is in northern Pakistan. In the spring it is covered with flowers and a wide array of butterflies. Antarctica is home to the third-largest plateau in the world, and it is covered with a giant icecap.
Plateaus such as the Tibetan Plateau form when tectonic plates collide. More commonly, plateaus form when magma pushes towards the surface of the Earth but does not break through the crust. The magma lifts the flat rock up, forming a plateau. Lava that does break through the Earth's crust can also spread out and create a plateau as it cools. An example of this type of plateau is the Deccan Plateau in India.Learn more about Landforms
Mountains are natural geographical features and are not built by humans. Mountains are created by the movement and collision of the different plates of the earth's crust. With the help of machines, humans can create large piles of rocks and dirt which could be called mountains in an exaggerated sense, but humans are not able to create full-scale mountains due to their size and the forces they require.Full Answer >
The windward side of a mountain faces the wind while the leeward side faces away from the prevailing wind. The climate on different sides of the mountain can vary greatly.Full Answer >
Six major mountain ranges exist in the world, with a host of minor attached chains and some solitary mountains. Three of the major mountain ranges are located in the Western Hemisphere. Mountain ranges are created by Earth's tectonic plates pressing against one another.Full Answer >
A flat-topped mountain is called a mesa, from the Spanish word for "table." Mesas get their characteristic shape from differential erosion, usually due to running water.Full Answer >