Q:

What is pollination?

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Quick Answer

Pollination is the transfer of pollen grains from a flower’s anthers to the same or another flower’s stigmas. Pollens are moved from flower to flower by pollinators, such as butterflies, bees, beetles, moths, bats and birds. The wind also helps in pollination.

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Full Answer

Pollination leads to fertilization, which is the fusion of nuclei in the ovule with nuclei from the pollen grain. After successful fertilization, the flower starts to develop seeds. The production of seeds and fruits is contingent on pollination.

Some plants develop seeds through self-pollination, wherein the same plant possesses both pollen and pistil. Others need cross-pollination, wherein pollen and pistil come from different plants. Most plants need the help of pollinators to move pollen to the pistil.

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    What is artificial pollination?

    A:

    Artificial pollination is the process of applying pollen to plants that would normally be applied by the insects that pollinate plants. Artificial pollination can be accomplished with the use of a brush to apply the pollen. This is a technique similar to the one biologist Mendel used while studying genetics and inheritance. There are several benefits to artificial pollination, including gaining greater control over the genetic population of the crops.

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    What is wind pollination?

    A:

    Wind pollination occurs when the pollen from flowers is transported by the wind. It is also known as anemophily, and it occurs every day to pollinate crops and trees.

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    What is cross-pollination?

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    Cross-pollination is the transport of pollen from a single plant to a different plant by insects or the wind. It merges the hereditary characteristics of two plants and creates more varied species.

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