Q:

What does pollution do to the environment?

A:

Quick Answer

Pollution can damage trees, plants, crops, lakes and other waterways, oceans, coral reefs, animals and people. This applies to air pollution, pollution through toxic chemicals, litter in the ocean, pollution from pesticides and fertilizers, noise pollution and light pollution.

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Full Answer

Some of the main causes of pollution and their effects, according to the World Wildlife Fund and the United States Environmental Protection Agency, are as follows:

Air pollution can impact the health of people and animals, as well as damage trees and plants. It can also impact on waterways including lakes, and it damages man-made structures like buildings. Air pollution can also cause acid rain.

Toxic chemicals can cause disease and death in animals, birds and humans.

Ocean litter can impact fish and plant life in the ocean, and can get washed up on beaches. The amount of litter that is in the ocean has created what are called ocean garbage patches. Pollutants can also cause algal blooms and dead zones which kill fish and birds. Some water pollution is caused by increasing levels of nitrogen and phosphorus.

Noise and light pollution from things like industry and growing populations can have a negative impact on some animals. There is a particular focus on this in the Arctic.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Why is air pollution bad?

    A:

    Air pollution has several harmful effects on both the environment and human health. A common example of the negative effects of air pollution on the environment is in the form of acid rain. Many upper respiratory diseases such as asthma are exacerbated by air pollution.

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  • Q:

    Why is air pollution a problem?

    A:

    Air pollution is a problem because it can cause damage to animals, trees, plants, crops and water sources in the environment. Pollution in the air causes problems for aviation because it reduces visibility, while also being responsible for damaging buildings and other structures. Pollutants in the air can end up in natural water supplies that humans use for drinking, which can result in water that is toxic and unhealthy for humans to consume.

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  • Q:

    How does air pollution affect the environment?

    A:

    Air pollution affects the environment by causing acid rain, reducing visibility, damaging plants and animals, and contributing to climate change. It has a negative effect on biodiversity and the survival of species. Air pollution is caused by both particulate and gaseous pollutants.

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  • Q:

    How does noise pollution affect the environment?

    A:

    An increasing number of studies indicate that wildlife is stressed by noise pollution causing a variety of impacts on the environment by disturbing mammal, bird and fish feeding and breeding patterns. According to the National Park Service, these effects are compounded by other stressors including disease and extreme weather.

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