Pomology is a branch of horticulture that focuses on the cultivation of edible fruit and nut crops, especially tree-grown crops. A specialist in pomology is known as a pomologist. The word originates from the Latin word "pomum," meaning "apple or fruit," and the suffix "-ology," meaning "science or study."Know More
Horticulture is divided into the study and cultivation of edible plants and ornamental plants. Edible plant cultivation is divided into pomology (fruits and nuts) and olericulture (vegetables and herbs). Edible mushrooms are in a separate category, as they are fungi and not plants. The study of edible and inedible mushrooms is called mycology. Ornamental horticulture is divided into floriculture (flowers and small plants) and landscape horticulture (grass, trees, shrubs and vines).
It may seem confusing to group fruits and nuts together, but from a botanical point of view, nuts are considered a kind of fruit, defined by Encyclopedia Britannica as "the fleshy or dry ripened ovary that surrounds the seed of a plant." As well as focusing on the science and practice of growing fruits and nuts, pomologists are concerned with the development of new fruit and nut varieties.
The American Pomological Society is the oldest pomology organization in North America, and was established in 1848.Learn more about Botany
Flowers are the primary reproductive structures of angiosperms, commonly referred to as the flowering plants. Flowers house the pollen and ovaries necessary for reproduction. The various colors and shapes of flowers serve as lures to attract pollinators, which deliver pollen to the ovary of another plant.Full Answer >
Plants can survive without sunlight as long as they have another source of light in the appropriate spectrum, such as an artificial grow light. Plants can only survive in complete darkness for a finite period of time. Generally, plants that are in vegetative phases thrive on blue lights, while plants in flowering phases thrive on red and orange lights.Full Answer >
The major difference between bryophytes and vascular plants is the lack of specialized structures to carry water and nutrients in bryophytes. This means that water and nutrients must be dispersed via diffusion to the tissues of bryophytes, which requires them to remain small. Bryophytes also vary in terms of their life stages and dominant forms from higher, vascular plants.Full Answer >
Venation is pinnate if all veins extend individually from the midrib outward, or palmate if principal veins branch from the petiole near the leaf base. Pinnate and palmate venation are forms of net-venation where veins subdivide, forming a complicated network of veinlets.Full Answer >