The cerebrum, the cerebellum and the brain stem are all integral parts of coordinating muscular movement. The brain is part of a vast network, known as the nervous system, which is responsible for all muscle movement, according to Johns Hopkins University.
The cerebellum, located at the rear base of the brain, coordinates voluntary muscle movements with the assistance of the cerebrum. Involuntary muscle movements are coordinated by the brain stem in league with the cerebrum, notes Johns Hopkins University. More specifically, the medulla is the control center of the heart and lungs, the frontal lobe is responsible for bodily movements and the pons controls eye and facial muscle movements.Learn More
The most inferior portion of the brain stem is the medulla oblongata. Located just below the pons of the brain stem and anterior to the cerebellum, the medulla oblongata is responsible for many of the vital involuntary functions of the body, such as breathing, digestion and heart and circulatory function.Full Answer >
Involuntary activities are controlled by the autonomous nervous system, whose main component is a part of the brain stem called the medulla oblongata. This system, as a subset of the peripheral nervous system, functions outside the brain and spinal cord and is composed of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems.Full Answer >
The ascending loop of Henle is a portion of the nephron in the kidney. It connects to the descending loop of Henle and runs through the medulla of the nephron in the kidney. Together, the descending and ascending loops of Henle reabsorb water and ions for the kidney.Full Answer >
The muscular layer of the heart is called the myocardium. It is the thickest part of the heart and the middle of the heart wall's three layers, the other two being the epicardium, a thin layer of fat, and the endocardium, a non-adherant surface on the interior of the heart.Full Answer >