The process of assembling a protein from RNA is called translation. A strand of messenger RNA, or mRNA, travels from the nucleus of a cell to the ribosomes, the site where proteins are assembled.
An mRNA strand is synthesized from a DNA template within the nucleus of an atom in the process called transcription. The mRNA strand passes through the nuclear membrane and travels to a ribosome, where the mRNA strand attaches.
Transfer RNA, or tRNA molecules carry amino acids, the building blocks of proteins, to the ribosome. Many tRNA molecules exist, and each carries a specific amino acid. The tRNA has a side consisting of the anticodon, a three-base code that matches up with a portion of the mRNA molecule called the codon, a series of three bases that stand for an amino acid. The tRNA leaves behind the amino acid it was carrying. The tRNA molecule then goes to find another amino acid. Amino acids are added to the growing protein chain and are held together by peptide bonds.Learn More
RNA and DNA are both molecules containing the genetic information that is necessary for life. Both molecules are composed of nucleotides, which are chemical structures consisting of a sugar, a phosphate and a nitrogenous base. Nucleotides are linked by alternating sugar and phosphate bonds.Full Answer >
RNA, or ribonucleic acid, is a family of biological molecules that function in gene synthesis, regulation and expression. Along with DNA, RNA plays an active role in transcribing and translating genes and proteins that make up the human body.Full Answer >
The three types of ribonucleic acid are messenger RNA, ribosomal RNA and transfer RNA. The common abbreviations for the names are mRNA, rRNA and tRNA. Messenger RNA moves from the nucleus to the cytoplasm of the cell, while ribosomal RNA and transfer RNA reside only in the cytoplasm.Full Answer >
RNA and DNA are both nucleic acid macromolecules that are comprised of a set of monomers known as nucleotides. They also both contain purines and pyrimidines as their bases and contain pentose sugars as their backbones.Full Answer >