Q:

What is produced by meiosis?

A:

Meiosis is a type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosomes in the parent cell. Meiosis produces four gamete cells. Meiosis is required to produce egg and sperm cells for sexual reproduction.

Though meiosis reduces the number of parent cells by half, the cells are restored in the offspring after the sperm and the egg unite according to Scitable by Nature Foundation. Meiosis I is the first meiotic division, which begins with prophase I. The complex of DNA and protein, which is known as chromatin, condenses to form chromosomes. Meiosis II is a mitotic division of the haploid cells produced in meiosis I. After meiosis is complete, there are four haploid daughter cells that eventually become sperm or egg cells.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the purpose of meiosis?

    A:

    Meiosis is the process of cell division that creates offspring in sexually reproducing organisms, explains a University of Illinois at Chicago website. Unlike during mitosis, meiotic cell division starts with double the number of chromosomes in diploid parent cells. Meiosis cuts this number in half forming two haploid daughter cells. When these daughter cells combine and undergo fertilization, a zygote is created and the cell begins to develop.

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  • Q:

    How do I describe meiosis?

    A:

    Meiosis is the process in which cells divide to produce sex cells. Meiosis takes a single cell and divides it into four different cells with half of the necessary chromosomes for human development. Meiosis creates both egg and sperm cells.

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  • Q:

    Why is meiosis important to living things?

    A:

    Meiosis is important to eukaryotes, such as plants, animals and fungi, because it is the method by which they produce sex cells. The ability to produce sex cells, and therefore reproduce sexually, increases the genetic diversity of the population. This increased genetic diversity provides a greater pallet of mutations on which natural selection can act.

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  • Q:

    What is a simple explanation of meiosis for dummies?

    A:

    Meiosis is the cell division process that creates sex cells from ordinary chromosome cells. It is a vital part of the sexual reproduction process. The sex cells that are produced by meiosis are unique and also have their own genetic structure. The process of meiosis occurs in plants, animals and some fungi.

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