RNA is the product of transcription in a cell. Transcription occurs in the nucleus of the cell, but RNA travels to ribosomes in the cytoplasm for translation.Know More
Transcription occurs when RNA polymerase connects to a strand of DNA. The RNA polymerase forms a strand of RNA by joining nucleotides into a chain, using DNA as the template.
Three types of RNA are produced. Messenger RNA is the template used to create proteins. Ribosomal RNA uses the messenger RNA to determine the order of amino acids for the protein being created. Transfer RNA carries loose amino acids to be bonded to the end of the protein chain.Learn more about Molecular Biology & DNA
The five-carbon sugar found in RNA is ribose. Ribose is an important carbohydrate for generating energy in the cells of living organisms.Full Answer >
The process of assembling a protein from RNA is called translation. A strand of messenger RNA, or mRNA, travels from the nucleus of a cell to the ribosomes, the site where proteins are assembled.Full Answer >
Nucleotides contain either ribose, found in RNA, or deoxyribose, found in DNA. Deoxyribose is not synthesized in the cell, it is produced by action of the enyme ribonucleotided reductase on ribonucleotide diphoshates. Ribose is the product of the pentose phosphate pathway.Full Answer >
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) carries the sequence of coded instructions for the synthesis of proteins, which are transcribed into ribonucleic acid (RNA) to be further translated into actual proteins. The process of protein production involves two steps: transcription and translation.Full Answer >