Gamma rays have the shortest wavelength of the electromagnetic spectrum, followed by X-rays and ultraviolet rays. Slightly longer wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation, between 4000 and 7000 angstroms in length, are visible to human eyes. Infrared rays have wavelengths over 7000 angstroms, while microwave waves are even longer. Radio waves, with the longest wavelengths of all, are at least 1 billion angstroms long, equal to about 4 inches in length.Know More
Frequency and wavelength are inversely proportional to each other. For example, radio waves have very long wavelengths but very low frequency. By contrast, gamma rays have very short wavelengths but very high frequency. The differences in the wavelengths and frequencies of the different types of waves are important to the properties of the energy. For example, astronomers use infrared light to see through clouds when visible light does not work. Some animals, such as bees and birds of prey, can see ultraviolet light, which helps them to see things that are invisible to humans.
The properties of some types of waves vary within their portion of the spectrum. For example, ultraviolet radiation at the low end of the frequency range is usually harmless, but ultraviolet radiation at the very high end of the frequency range is destructive to living creatures.Learn more about Optics & Waves
The infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum can be divided into three regions of infrared waves, all of which have different lengths. Far-infrared waves measure from 300 gigahertz to 30 terahertz, while mid-infrared waves range from 30 terahertz to 120 terahertz. Near-infrared waves range from 120 to 400 terahertz.Full Answer >
Radio waves make up the part of the electromagnetic spectrum with the longest wavelengths. Radio waves are used in radio and television broadcasts, satellite transmissions and cell phone signals. Astronomical objects give off radio waves which can be detected by radio telescopes.Full Answer >
Ultraviolet light is a part of the electromagnetic spectrum that humans cannot see. It is composed of shorter wave lengths than visible light and lies beyond the blue end of the visible spectrum.Full Answer >
Wilhelm Roentgen invented the use of cathode rays to take X-rays of the body in 1895, according to About.com. Roentgen was honored for his discovery by receiving the Nobel Prize in physics in 1901.Full Answer >