Some of the properties of acids are that they conduct electricity when they are dissolved in water, liberate hydrogen when they react with active metals and, when combined with a base, will produce a salt and a neutralized base. Acids also have a pH which is less than 7 in an aqueous solution, and will change the color of blue litmus paper to red. In an operational sense, acids increase the concentration of H+ ions when they are dissolved in water.
A lower pH of an acid in an aqueous solution indicates a greater degree of acidity, and results in a higher concentration of positive ions within the solution. Acids found in everyday life are usually found in solution. The stronger acids, such as hydrochloric acid (HCl), and some higher concentrations of weak acids tend to be corrosive.Learn More
Lactic acid is produced by the breakdown of carbohydrates in muscle tissue and red blood cells. It is used by the body during periods when oxygen levels are low.Full Answer >
Bases are chemical substances that increase the pH of a solution when dissolved in water. Strong bases, including sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide, dissociate completely in water and increase the pH to between 10 and 14. Weak bases do not dissociate completely and have less drastic effects on pH.Full Answer >
The specific heat of hydrochloride at constant pressure is 21.4 joules per Kelvin mole, according to Georgia State University. However, specific heat for gases is expressed in constant volume as well, which means that the specific heat for HCl also is expressed as 2.57 molar heat capacity in constant volume.Full Answer >
An acid is a substance that donates a proton, and a base is a substance that accepts a proton. A base is a chemical compound that forms OH- ions when dissolved in water and reacts with acids to form salts. An acid is a chemical compound that forms H+ ions when dissolved in water and reacts with bases to form salts.Full Answer >