The brain is protected by connected bony plates in the head known as the skull. It is also protected by the meninges, a three layer membrane.Know More
The human skull has 22 bones. Eight bones enclose the brain and make up the cranium. These are the occipital bone, which is found at the back of the skull, and the sphenoid, which is found at the base of the skull. There are two parietal bones at the top and sides of the skull. The frontal bone is found at the forehead and the ethmoid bone is found at the nose. The other bones of the skull are the facial bones. In an adult, the bones unite in hard, zigzag joints called sutures. In babies, these places are still open and soft.
The meninges are divided into the dura mater, the pia mater and the arachnoid. The dura mater is the toughest of the membranes and lies just beneath the skull. It separates the two brain hemispheres from each other and the cerebellum. The arachnoid lies just beneath the dura mater and is separated from it by cerebrospinal fluid. The pia mater follows the folds and depressions in the brain. It contains blood vessels that bring blood to and from the cerebral cortex.Learn more about Nerves
A malignant neoplasm of the brain is also known as a cancerous brain tumor. Tumors are groupings of abnormal cells in the body, notes WebMD. Growth of tumors occurs when abnormal cells continue to be added in the absence of the typical death of old cells.Full Answer >
The sensory strip is the part of the brain responsible for receiving and sending messages of feeling from various parts of the body, according to Hunter Brain Injury Respite Options Inc. It also includes the region that interprets taste and smell.Full Answer >
Reading enhances connectivity in the brain, improves brain function and also improves theory of mind — the understanding that people may have beliefs and values different from the reader's own. A study conducted at Emory University and published in the journal "Brain Connectivity" first detailed some of these positive effects on the brain.Full Answer >
The Golgi tendon organ is an organ that can sense changes in muscle tension and send information to the brain about them. It can be found where the skeletal muscle fibers join the tendons. It's made up of nerves and strands of collagen, an elastic protein.Full Answer >