The reaction between zinc and hydrochloric acid is Zn + HCl = H2 + ZnCl2. It is a single replacement reaction where zinc metal displaces the hydrogen to form hydrogen gas and zinc chloride, a salt.Know More
Zinc reacts quickly with the acid to form bubbles of hydrogen. Carrying out the experiment in a closed sidearm flask allows collection of the gas in a balloon. Exposing the balloon to the heat of a lighted candle causes a rapid reaction, as the hydrogen reacts with oxygen to form water.
The zinc and hydrochloric acid reaction is an example of oxidation-reduction. The zinc metal begins the process as a pure metal with an ionic charge of zero and loses an electron as it reacts with the acid to become a positively charged zinc ion through oxidation. At the same time, hydrogen undergoes reduction by gaining an electron to become a neutral molecule.
Zinc is an important nutrient for animals and crops, including rice. In an application of the zinc and hydrochloric acid experiment, scientists have suggested adding weak hydrochloric acid to irrigation water. The acid reacts with zinc metal, found in the soil, to form zinc ions in a type the plant is able to use to improve crop yields.Learn more about Solutions & Mixtures
In the United States, hydrochloric acid is produced via four main processes: the synthesis of chlorine and hydrogen, the chlorination of organic substances, the salt-sulfuric acid production method and the manufacture of silica that yields hydrochloric acid as a co-product. The formation of hydrochloric acid, with the chemical formula HCl, occurs when hydrogen chloride gas is dissolved in water.Full Answer >
The chemical reaction between hydrochloric acid and magnesium produces magnesium chloride and hydrogen gas. The balanced chemical equation for this reaction is Mg (s) + 2 HCl (aq) produces MgCl2 (aq) + H2 (g), where the letter "s" stands for solid, "g" is gas and "aq" represents an aqueous solution.Full Answer >
The pH of hydrochloric acid is 0, which means that it has the highest degree of acidity on the pH scale. Hydrochloric acid is a clear and highly corrosive solution of hydrogen chloride in water. In addition to its many industrial uses, hydrochloric acid is also found naturally in the digestive system in the form of gastric acid.Full Answer >
Metals to the left of hydrogen in the electrochemical series react with hydrochloric acid. These elements include lithium, potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium, aluminum, zinc, iron and lead. Metals to the right of hydrogen in the electrochemical series, such as copper, silver and gold, do not react.Full Answer >