Q:

How do the most reactive metals react with water and acids?

A:

Quick Answer

The most reactive metals react with water to form hydrogen gas and their oxides or hydroxides, and with acids to form their oxides or hydroxides. According to the activity series, the first nine metals are highly reactive with water and the next six with acids.

Know More

Full Answer

The activity series is a chart that lists metals according to their relative reactivity. According to the series, the first five highly reactive metals react with water of all temperatures to form hydrogen gas and their respective hydroxides, while the next four metals react with water to form hydrogen gas and their respective oxides. The next six metals combine with acids to form hydrogen gas and their respective hydroxides. The reactions work very well in aqueous solutions.

Learn more about Chemistry

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is given off when acids react with metals?

    A:

    Hydrogen gas is given off when acids react with metals. The other product is a salt, an ionic compound. Hydrogen and table salt, or sodium chloride, is produced when hydrochloric acid reacts with pure sodium.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What substances do transition metals readily form?

    A:

    Transition metals such as iron, magnesium or chromium react to form varied colored compounds. Compounds of the same valence have color differences. The transition metals easily form alloys with themselves and other metals. The metals also form salts such as chromium (III) chloride, which is violet in color and dissolves in liquid ammonia to produce a yellow substance that can be separated when the ammonia evaporates.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Which metals react with cold water?

    A:

    All alkali metals and most alkaline earth metals react with cold water. The alkali metals are lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium and cesium. The alkaline earth metals that react with water are magnesium, calcium, strontium and barium. Beryllium is also an alkaline earth metal, but it does not react with water.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Why are metals shiny?

    A:

    Metals are shiny because metals contain free electrons that vibrate when they come in contact with light. When the electrons vibrate, they produce their own light. This is reflected back and is what creates the shiny, lustrous appearance of metal.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore