Q:

What is the relationship between anatomy and physiology?

A:

Quick Answer

Anatomy is the study of form, while physiology is the study of function, according to Wikipedia. Anatomy is the scientific study of the structure of organisms including their systems, organs and tissues. It details the appearance and position of various parts, their material compositions and their locations and relationships with other parts. Physiology deals respectively with the functions of those anatomical parts and the chemical processes involved.

Know More
What is the relationship between anatomy and physiology?
Credit: Gandee Vasan Stone Getty Images

Full Answer

Anatomical study is achieved through simple inspection such as visual observation, palpation, auscultation and percussion. Through palpation, an object in or on the body is felt to determine size, shape, firmness or location. Through auscultation, the internal sounds of the body are heard. By percussion, an examiner can feel abnormal resistance and listen to emitted sounds by tapping on the body. A deeper anatomical understanding is achieved through cadaver dissection or medical imaging. As explained by the Encyclopedia Britannica, technological advances such as the microscope allow for advances in anatomical science, such as the 17th Century discovery of cellular life.

Many insights into human structure are obtained from the comparative anatomy of other species. Structural similarities and differences, along with evolutionary trends are analyzed. Like anatomy, the science of physiology has also gained much insight through technological advances and comparative study, according to Wikipedia. Human physiology seeks to understand the mechanisms that work to keep the human body alive and functioning. These answers are found by scientific enquiry into mechanical, physical and biochemical functions of human organ systems, and the hierarchy of complexity on which they are built. This physiological enquiry focuses on the human body as an entire structure, all the way down to the single cellular component. Anatomy and physiology represent two complementary approaches in biological science.

Learn more in Human Anatomy

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is an anatomy tutorial?

    A:

    An anatomy tutorial is a learning tool that helps students understand and retain anatomy terms and concepts. A comprehensive tutorial will present the material in different formats including interactive animations, question and answer sections, videos, self-tests, diagrams and learning games.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is surface anatomy?

    A:

    Surface anatomy is the study of the body's external features, such as the hands, the feet and the legs. Certain features are labeled as regions based on the bones or muscles they cover. For example, the mastoid region is the area covering the mastoid bones of the ear.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How do atria and ventricles differ in structure and function?

    A:

    Atria and ventricles differ in size, location and method of operation, according to Wikipedia. These differences determine the thickness of walls and the type of blood vessels connecting to each type of chamber.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Where can human anatomy illustrations be found online?

    A:

    Online sources for illustrations of human anatomy include InnerBody, VisibleBody and GetBodySmart. Anatomy.org is the home page of the American Association of Anatomists, which maintains a list of websites and links that offer educational materials, diagrams, videos, terminology and images.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore