Q:

What is the relationship between anatomy and physiology?

A:

Quick Answer

Anatomy is the study of form, while physiology is the study of function, according to Wikipedia. Anatomy is the scientific study of the structure of organisms including their systems, organs and tissues. It details the appearance and position of various parts, their material compositions and their locations and relationships with other parts. Physiology deals respectively with the functions of those anatomical parts and the chemical processes involved.

Know More
What is the relationship between anatomy and physiology?
Credit: Gandee Vasan Stone Getty Images

Full Answer

Anatomical study is achieved through simple inspection such as visual observation, palpation, auscultation and percussion. Through palpation, an object in or on the body is felt to determine size, shape, firmness or location. Through auscultation, the internal sounds of the body are heard. By percussion, an examiner can feel abnormal resistance and listen to emitted sounds by tapping on the body. A deeper anatomical understanding is achieved through cadaver dissection or medical imaging. As explained by the Encyclopedia Britannica, technological advances such as the microscope allow for advances in anatomical science, such as the 17th Century discovery of cellular life.

Many insights into human structure are obtained from the comparative anatomy of other species. Structural similarities and differences, along with evolutionary trends are analyzed. Like anatomy, the science of physiology has also gained much insight through technological advances and comparative study, according to Wikipedia. Human physiology seeks to understand the mechanisms that work to keep the human body alive and functioning. These answers are found by scientific enquiry into mechanical, physical and biochemical functions of human organ systems, and the hierarchy of complexity on which they are built. This physiological enquiry focuses on the human body as an entire structure, all the way down to the single cellular component. Anatomy and physiology represent two complementary approaches in biological science.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What are the fundamentals of basic anatomy and physiology?

    A:

    Anatomy is the study of the structure of body parts and their relationship to each other and to internal organs. Physiology is the study of how body parts work together with systems within the body to affect voluntary and involuntary body functions.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is an anatomy tutorial?

    A:

    An anatomy tutorial is a learning tool that helps students understand and retain anatomy terms and concepts. A comprehensive tutorial will present the material in different formats including interactive animations, question and answer sections, videos, self-tests, diagrams and learning games.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the anatomy of the buttocks?

    A:

    The human gluteal region is defined by twin hemispherical masses that are located between the lower back, or lumbar region, and the perineum. These dome-shaped structures consist mainly of adipose tissue, or fat, and three sets of underlying muscle tissue. Nearly the entire region is made of soft tissue, as the underlying bone of the pelvis does not follow the characteristic bulging shape of the buttocks.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the similarities between a fetal pig's anatomy and a human's anatomy?

    A:

    According to Goshen College's Fetal Pig Dissection Guide, a fetal pig's anatomy is similar to the anatomy of a human because both animals are mammals, and both contain the same vital organs. Pigs have the same muscles as humans in almost every case; however, since pigs are quadrupedal and humans are bipedal, there are small variations between size and location of some muscles.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore