Q:

What are the rules for writing scientific names?

A:

There are several rules to remember when writing scientific names; the two main rules are to write the name of a plant or organism with two names, a genus or generic name first, followed by an epithet or species name. These rules govern the proper naming of plant and animals, regardless of species or kingdom. The act of assigning names to various organisms in a structured manner dates back to the 1700s, when scientist Linnaeus developed a precise method for identifying and classifying all living beings.

According to Texas A&M University, there are several rules governing the proper writing of both generic and species names. When writing in binomial nomenclature, the genus name is always written first. Additionally, it appears underlined or in italics. The first letter of the genus name should also be capitalized. The specific epithet, or species name, is written second. Like the generic name, the species name is either underlined or italicized. In contrast to the generic name, however, the first letter of the species name is never capitalized. In addition to standard scientific writing, there are scientific naming systems used to identify mutations (such as different size, growth habitat or color) along with variations that occur in nature.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What is a frog's scientific name?

    A:

    Examples of scientific names for frogs include Pseudacris triseriata for the chorus frog, Pseudacris clarkii for the spotted chorus frog and Atelopus zeteki for the Panamanian golden frog. The common scientific order for all frogs is Anura; the order has three subcategories: Neobatrachia, Archaeobatrachia and Mesobatrachia.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the earthworm's scientific name?

    A:

    Earthworms are all in the lumbricus genus, which makes the first part of this animal's scientific name; the second part, or species name, varies. For example, according to National Geographic, the common earthworm is lumbricus terrestris, while according to the Fairfax County Public School system, the red earthworm is known as lumbricus rubellus.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the scientific name of bougainvillea?

    A:

    According to the Singapore Infopedia, the scientific names for bougainvillea, a popular sub-tropical and tropical flower, are "Bougainvillea glabra" and "Bougainvillea spectabilis." Bougainvillea belongs to the Nyctaginaceae family, which contains 28 genera and 250 species.

    Full Answer >
  • Q:

    What is the scientific name for hibiscus?

    A:

    The scientific names for the most common species of hibiscus are Hibiscus syriacus and Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. Hibiscus syriacus, which has the common name of Rose of Sharon in North America, is grown in temperate zones, while the Hibiscus rosa-sinensis thrives in tropical climates.

    Full Answer >

Explore