Industrially, sandstone is used as a raw material for manufacturing and in construction. Naturally, sandstone functions as an aquifer and as a reservoir for oil and gas. As it frequently originates from granite, an extremely common type of rock, sandstone is one of the most common types of sedimentary rock.Know More
Sandstone is composed of rock or organic material and sand-sized mineral grains that have been deposited from other sources. The percentage of grain, rock or organic material depends on where the sandstone originated and how long the transport process took. During this process, chemical changes and weathering affect the properties and composition of the sandstone. Natural cement that binds the sand grains together and a matrix of silt or clay particles between sand grains may also be present.
Mineral grains in sandstone are usually quartz but can be feldspar or other minerals. Quartz content in sandstone can be 90 percent or more. Sandstone with plentiful quartz is considered more mature because it has been weathered more by wind and water, which scrape away the weaker minerals, such as hornblende and biotite. Sandstone containing high amounts of feldspar is immature if it originates from a source rock with significant quartz content.Learn more about Geology
Calcite is a mineral used in many ways, serving as a construction material and aggregate, a pigment, agricultural soil additive and an ingredient in pharmaceutical products. Calcite is most often found in limestone and marble, with many applications in those forms.Full Answer >
Lithic sandstone is fine, grained sandstone that contains greater than 5 percent of lithic fragments. Lithic sandstones have a gray or speckled color associated with sedimentary lithic fragments. Lithic sandstones are typically formed in regions with significant tectonic activity.Full Answer >
Shale, marble, mudstone, slate and well-packed sandstone are all examples of impermeable rocks, which means that water cannot easily pass through them. A large number of metamorphic and igneous rocks are impermeable, as long as they are not fractured.Full Answer >
The major difference between shale and sandstone is the type of materials from which they are formed and the size of the particles. Shale is made primarily from clay and has a much finer grain that sandstone. Sandstone is made primarily of sand and has a larger grain.Full Answer >