Q:

What does "saturated solution" mean?

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Quick Answer

A saturated solution is a solution that contains the maximum amount of dissolved material possible. Any additional material added to the solution will not be dissolved into the solution.

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Solutions are mixtures of homogenous components called solvents and solutes. Solutes are the materials dissolved into the larger solvent base, and they may take form as gases, liquids and solids.

Solutes can only be dissolved in certain amounts before they form into a separate phase and are unable to further dissolve. Saturated solution is also known as the maximum concentration of solutes and may be used in the process of recrystallization to create pure chemical concentrations.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is an example of a saturated solution?

    A:

    A glass of sweet tea with a lot of sugar is an example of a saturated solution. A solution becomes saturated when no more solute can be dissolved by the liquid because it already contains as much solute as it can hold.

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  • Q:

    How do I make a saturated sodium chloride solution?

    A:

    To make a saturated solution of sodium chloride, find the solubility of sodium chloride in water, mix a solution of sodium chloride and water, and watch for saturation. The solubility of sodium chloride is 357 grams per 1 liter of cold water. The solubility of sodium chloride will change based on the temperature of the water. To make the saturated solution, add 357 grams of sodium chloride to 1 liter of water, and mix thoroughly. The final solution is saturated.

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  • Q:

    How can you neutralize nitric acid?

    A:

    To neutralize nitric acid, start with a basic solution, make a saturated solution of HNO3 in a beaker, dilute to the ratio of 1:10, and pour the solution gradually till pH of 7 is attained. The process takes less than 30 minutes.

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  • Q:

    What is a deliquescent substance?

    A:

    A deliquescent substance is a material that readily absorbs water out of the air. Deliquescent substances keep absorbing water until they dissolve themselves into liquid solutions. This process is called deliquescence.

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