In Roman mythology, Saturn is closely linked to the Greek god Cronus, whose role in the family tree of the Greek deities is also credited to Saturn. Writings as early as the 3rd century BC list Jupiter as Saturn's son. According to the "Golden Age" that Hesiod wrote about, the myths state that when Saturn was in power, people were able to enjoy the earth's plenty without any labor in a society that was completely egalitarian.Know More
Varro writes that Saturn's name comes from the word for sowing, which is "satu." This seems a bit archaic at first, until one considers that sowing was originally a feature of the first gods and goddesses. Other possibilities for the etymology of Saturn's name include a connection with Satre, an Etruscan deity, as well as places that were important at the time, such as the ancient Latium town of Satria, an old village in Latium.
Saturn has a temple at the base of the Capitoline Hill that dates back to its consecration in 497 BC. Followers made sacrifices to Saturn using the "Greek rite," keeping the head uncovered, because the rite is carried out to a god who has a covering. Saturn was the only Roman god who was worshipped with an uncovered head.Learn more about Planets
The planet Mercury derived its name from the Roman god Mercury by virtue of being the fastest planet that travels across the sky. Due to Mercury's proximity to the sun, the planet is able to revolve quickly around the massive heavenly body. The Romans likened and named the planet after their swift-footed god, who is often portrayed in Roman mythology as a lad wearing winged sandals and a winged hat, and holding a caduceus.Full Answer >
Jupiter gets its name from the most powerful god in Roman mythology. The king of all other gods, Jupiter is the equivalent of Zeus in Greek mythology. It was the largest visible object in the night sky during the time of the Roman Empire, and thus named after its most important deity.Full Answer >
Jupiter is named after the powerful Roman god who is the equivalent of the Greek god Zeus. All of the planets in the solar system but Earth are named after gods in the Roman pantheon. Many of the moons of Jupiter are also named after figures from Roman mythology.Full Answer >
The main differences between Greek and Roman mythologies are the names and descriptions of the gods and to what extent the citizens accepted the mythologies as history. Most of the Roman gods and legends were directly based on their Greek predecessors, so even though they were recorded differently, many aspects of the mythologies are similar.Full Answer >