In Roman mythology, Saturn is closely linked to the Greek god Cronus, whose role in the family tree of the Greek deities is also credited to Saturn. Writings as early as the 3rd century BC list Jupiter as Saturn's son. According to the "Golden Age" that Hesiod wrote about, the myths state that when Saturn was in power, people were able to enjoy the earth's plenty without any labor in a society that was completely egalitarian.Know More
Varro writes that Saturn's name comes from the word for sowing, which is "satu." This seems a bit archaic at first, until one considers that sowing was originally a feature of the first gods and goddesses. Other possibilities for the etymology of Saturn's name include a connection with Satre, an Etruscan deity, as well as places that were important at the time, such as the ancient Latium town of Satria, an old village in Latium.
Saturn has a temple at the base of the Capitoline Hill that dates back to its consecration in 497 BC. Followers made sacrifices to Saturn using the "Greek rite," keeping the head uncovered, because the rite is carried out to a god who has a covering. Saturn was the only Roman god who was worshipped with an uncovered head.Learn More
Although it has no formal name, the symbol for Saturn is meant to represent a scythe or sickle and is similar in appearance to a cursive "h" with a horizontal line across the top. The International Astronomical Union prefers for scientists to use the abbreviation "S" in formal contexts.Full Answer >
Saturn is a mostly cold planet, with areas that reach temperatures as low as minus 270 F. There are some regions of the planet that feature temperatures of 80 F, but these remain unfriendly, having an extremely high atmospheric pressure.Full Answer >
Unlike many planets and stars, Saturn doesn't have a universally recognized date of discovery. Because Saturn is visible with the naked eye, its existence was known by ancient civilizations. Ancient Greeks named the planet "Kronos" after their god of agriculture, which is the Roman equivalent of Saturn.Full Answer >
Since Saturn is visible to the naked eye, it has been known of for thousands of years. Saturn has names in several ancient cultures; it was called Kronos by the ancient Greeks, Shabbathai by the Hebrews and Navagrahas by Hindu cultures.Full Answer >