In Roman mythology, Saturn is closely linked to the Greek god Cronus, whose role in the family tree of the Greek deities is also credited to Saturn. Writings as early as the 3rd century BC list Jupiter as Saturn's son. According to the "Golden Age" that Hesiod wrote about, the myths state that when Saturn was in power, people were able to enjoy the earth's plenty without any labor in a society that was completely egalitarian.
Varro writes that Saturn's name comes from the word for sowing, which is "satu." This seems a bit archaic at first, until one considers that sowing was originally a feature of the first gods and goddesses. Other possibilities for the etymology of Saturn's name include a connection with Satre, an Etruscan deity, as well as places that were important at the time, such as the ancient Latium town of Satria, an old village in Latium.
Saturn has a temple at the base of the Capitoline Hill that dates back to its consecration in 497 BC. Followers made sacrifices to Saturn using the "Greek rite," keeping the head uncovered, because the rite is carried out to a god who has a covering. Saturn was the only Roman god who was worshipped with an uncovered head.Learn More
Special features of Uranus include its 27 moons, faint rings and construction, which is mostly ice. Uranus consists of water, methane and ammonia above a small, rocky inner core. Methane gas gives Uranus its blue tint. Uranus, along with Venus, rotates in the direction opposite to that of most other planets.Full Answer >
A 100-pound person who stood, or floated, on the surface of Neptune would weigh 114 pounds. Although Neptune is much more massive than Earth, it's far less dense, so the acceleration of gravity at its surface is weaker than expected for a planet that is 17 times Earth's mass.Full Answer >
By weight, Earth contains the most metal when compared between the four terrestrial planets of Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars. The planet Mercury is composed of nearly 70 percent metal, making it the most metal dense.Full Answer >
Water has a greater density than only the planet Saturn. All of the planets in the solar system have a density that is superior to that of Saturn. Saturn is one of the gas giants, made largely of hydrogen, and the second largest planet in the solar system.Full Answer >