There are many ways to save water, both inside and outside of the home. Some examples include turning off the faucet while brushing one's teeth and installing a water-conserving toilet. Active measures taken to reduce water consumption can be grouped into three categories: personal, professional and social.
Personal ways to save water begin with simple efforts at conservation. Installing low-flow plumbing fixtures, making sure that the faucets are all closed tightly and fixing drips are simple measures that can save hundreds of gallons a year in the average home. Watering less in the yard and garden, or even switching to water-conserving plants, is another way to reduce a home's demand for fresh water.
Professional conservation can be thought of as active measures taken at work and at school to limit the loss of water. In these places, many of the same principles apply as at home, such as turning off faucets and reporting leaks, but some other measures are unique to the collective nature of an office or schoolroom. Organizing to raise management's awareness of the money lost through wasted water is a powerful way to motivate change. Another measure likely to influence management is to present a breakdown of the money that can be earned if the local water utility offers rebates for practicing conservation.
Finally, social efforts to conserve water can be as simple as talking to friends and neighbors to encourage more responsible water use.