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What is scientific knowledge based on?

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Quick Answer

Scientific knowledge is based upon observation, and it is supplemented by experimentation. Scientific research follows the scientific method, a four-step process that guides scientists in the accumulation of knowledge.

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The four steps of the scientific method are observation of a phenomenon, formulation of a hypothesis, prediction of future outcomes or other phenomena, and experimentation to test the validity of the predictions. A hypothesis becomes a theory or law of nature if the experiments confirm its validity. Otherwise, it must be modified or rejected and the data further examined. Scientists postulate that the basic laws of the universe are unchangeable, and through observation and experimentation, humans determine the validity of their beliefs to better understand the nature of reality.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are the five steps in the scientific method?

    A:

    According to HowStuffWorks.com, the five steps in the scientific method are make an observation, ask a question, form a hypothesis, conduct an experiment and accept or reject the hypothesis. Various numbers of steps are sometimes used to explain the scientific method, but they all include the same ideas.

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  • Q:

    What are the major steps of the scientific method?

    A:

    The scientific method has four major steps, which include observation, formulation of a hypothesis, use of the hypothesis for observation for new phenomena and conducting observational tests to support or disprove the hypothesis. The scientific method is primarily used to develop a representation of the world.

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    Why are scientific names important?

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    Why is the scientific method important?

    A:

    The scientific method is important because it is an evidence-based method for acquiring knowledge. Unlike intuitive, philosophical or religious methods for acquiring knowledge, the scientific method relies on empirical, repeatable tests to reveal the truth.

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