Q:

What scientists study earthquakes?

A:

Quick Answer

Seismologists are the scientists that study earthquakes and the related activities to earthquakes. The composition and structure of the earth is also a part of what seismologists research.

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Full Answer

Seismologists use instruments to gather data and monitor the activity of the Earth's crust. This profession also monitors the activities that result from an earthquake. This includes tsunamis, volcanoes, oceanic activity and atmospheric processes.

To become a seismologist, a bachelor degree is required. The degree is usually in a geophysics-related field. To further a career in this industry, a graduate degree may be required. Seismologists perform the majority of their work in laboratories and offices but also explore sites of seismic activity.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Where do most earthquakes occur?

    A:

    Most earthquakes occur along the boundaries between the Earth's tectonic plates. The crust of the Earth is divided into plates. When a plate collides with or slides past another plate, this causes earthquakes. For example, as the Pacific plate moves past the North American plate, many earthquakes occur along the coast of California.

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  • Q:

    Why do earthquakes happen?

    A:

    Earthquakes are the result of two of the Earth's crustal plates slipping past each other, otherwise known as plate tectonics. The vibrations caused by this sudden movement reverberate through the surrounding rock structures, and they are felt as tremors. Earthquakes are most common among the geologically active regions at the borders between plates of the Earth's crust, also known as fault zones.

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  • Q:

    What country has the most earthquakes?

    A:

    Indonesia generally is considered to the country with the most earthquakes. Indonesia possesses this distinction because it lies in what is considered to be a highly active seismic zone.

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  • Q:

    Who studies earthquakes?

    A:

    A person who studies earthquakes is known as a seismologist. In addition to studying earthquakes, a seismologist also studies different vibrations in the Earth. These specialists use sophisticated tools, such as seismographs, to measure the intensity of vibrations. They also use specialized computers to create graphical models of earthquakes.

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