Q:

What scientists study earthquakes?

A:

Quick Answer

Seismologists are the scientists that study earthquakes and the related activities to earthquakes. The composition and structure of the earth is also a part of what seismologists research.

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Full Answer

Seismologists use instruments to gather data and monitor the activity of the Earth's crust. This profession also monitors the activities that result from an earthquake. This includes tsunamis, volcanoes, oceanic activity and atmospheric processes.

To become a seismologist, a bachelor degree is required. The degree is usually in a geophysics-related field. To further a career in this industry, a graduate degree may be required. Seismologists perform the majority of their work in laboratories and offices but also explore sites of seismic activity.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    How do earthquakes happen?

    A:

    Earthquakes happen when rock beneath the earth suddenly moves. Stresses in the earth make blocks of rock break and move along a fault line, which is a crack in the earth. The rocks may move, slip downward, upward or sideways. Many earthquakes take place on the edge of the seas. As of 2014, earthquakes can't be prevented but can be somewhat predicted.

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  • Q:

    When do earthquakes occur?

    A:

    Earthquakes are usually triggered when rock located beneath the ground, on top of fault lines, breaks and suddenly releases a significant amount of energy. The immediate and rapid release of energy caused by earthquakes generates seismic waves, which cause shaking motions that start below the Earth’s surface and spread across large distances.

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  • Q:

    How often do earthquakes occur?

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    Earthquakes happen daily across the United States, though they vary in magnitude. For instance, the United States had 3,836 earthquakes in 2012, but only five of them were above six on the Richter scale, and none of them exceeded seven.

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  • Q:

    How do earthquakes form?

    A:

    Earthquakes are formed by a sudden, violent underground movement of the Earth's crust. These natural phenomena typically occur along a fault line or fault plane, which is a geological region of compressed rocks dividing crustal plates.

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