Q:

What scientists study earthquakes?

A:

Quick Answer

Seismologists are the scientists that study earthquakes and the related activities to earthquakes. The composition and structure of the earth is also a part of what seismologists research.

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Full Answer

Seismologists use instruments to gather data and monitor the activity of the Earth's crust. This profession also monitors the activities that result from an earthquake. This includes tsunamis, volcanoes, oceanic activity and atmospheric processes.

To become a seismologist, a bachelor degree is required. The degree is usually in a geophysics-related field. To further a career in this industry, a graduate degree may be required. Seismologists perform the majority of their work in laboratories and offices but also explore sites of seismic activity.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Can we predict earthquakes?

    A:

    Scientists can make predictions about earthquake probability, but there is no reliable way to foresee any given earthquake. Some people have claimed that they can predict earthquakes, but their claims do not withstand scientific scrutiny.

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  • Q:

    How do earthquakes form?

    A:

    Earthquakes are formed by a sudden, violent underground movement of the Earth's crust. These natural phenomena typically occur along a fault line or fault plane, which is a geological region of compressed rocks dividing crustal plates.

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  • Q:

    Where do most earthquakes happen?

    A:

    Most earthquakes happen along the boundaries of the tectonic plates that make up the Earth's crust, though earthquakes can happen anywhere on the planet. Earthquakes are also common along faults, which are deep fissures under great pressure within a plate or along multiple plates.

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  • Q:

    When do earthquakes occur?

    A:

    Earthquakes are usually triggered when rock located beneath the ground, on top of fault lines, breaks and suddenly releases a significant amount of energy. The immediate and rapid release of energy caused by earthquakes generates seismic waves, which cause shaking motions that start below the Earth’s surface and spread across large distances.

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