About.com explains that the second toe develops longer than the big toe from a condition called Morton's toe, which results from irregularities in the metatarsal bones in the feet. The metatarsal bones are the long bones in the ball of the foot. In those with Morton's toe, the big toe metatarsal, or first metatarsal, is shorter than the second metatarsal, causing the second toe to protrude in front of the first.Know More
Morton's Toe is a variation observed in 10 to 20 percent of the population, according to About.com. It can lead to foot pain and other problems due to increased pressure on the second toe while walking. This pressure may lead to the development of a callus on the ball of the foot. The toebox of a shoe may put pressure on the second toe, leading to bruising and black toenail. Finally, Morton's toe can cause the foot to rotate inward excessively, which is referred to as overpronation.
About.com advises that finding the right pair of shoes is important to help with foot problems associated with Morton's toe. A shoe with a wide and high toebox that is a half size larger can help relieve the pressure on the tip of the second toe. Lacing the shoes tight enough to prevent the foot from sliding forward can help avoid toenail damage.Learn more about Bones
Gout tends to attack the big toe because the uric acid crystals that cause the condition are sensitive to temperature, according to Dr. Craig H. Thomajan of Austin Foot and Ankle Specialists. Uric acid crystalizes under cooler temperatures, and the toes are the coolest part of the body.Full Answer >
Severe pain in the big toe is the most common symptom of gout. According to WebMD, gout may cause joints to become very tender and painful to the touch.Full Answer >
Gout in the big toe (as well as other joints) is caused by excess uric acid in the blood. Instead of traveling out of the body in urine, the excess acid forms needle-shaped crystals that lodge in joints, and cause pain and swelling, as stated by Medical News Today.Full Answer >
According to Northwest Foot & Ankle, the medical name for the big toe is hallux. The big toe is considered to be one of the most essential parts of the body because it provides propulsive force when walking.Full Answer >