The seven taxa, or units of biological classification, from largest to smallest, are kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus and species. The second taxon is called phylum for animals, but for plants, it is called a division.Know More
The wolf, for example, is of the kingdom animalia, the philum chordata, the class mammalia, the order carnivora, the family canidae, the genus canis and the species canis lupus. The domestic dog has exactly the same taxa as the wolf except the species, which is canis familiaris. A house cat has the same top four taxa as wolves and dogs, but the last three are the family felidae, the genus felis and the species felis catus. When organisms are given scientific names, only genus and species are used. For example, the wolf is referred to as canis lupus, the dog as canis familiaris, the house cat as felis catus and humans as homo sapiens.
The seven broad major categories of taxa can be broken down into further intermediate categories, such as subphylum, subclass, suborder, subfamily, subgenus and subspecies. Taxonomists, or biologists who specialize in taxonomy, are particularly important in the fields of biodiversity and conservation. Taxonomy enables the classification of species in specific locations, giving precision to decisions concerning conservation.Learn more about Biology
The seven biomes of Earth are water, rainforest, tundra, desert, taiga, deciduous forest and grassland. A biome is a large geographical area classified by its distinctive group of plants and animals adapted to the environment. A biome may go by a different name according to the continent on which it is found.Full Answer >
A population is the smallest unit of life that can evolve. This is because evolution is a process that takes place over extended periods of time through adaptations that are passed through the reproduction of individuals who contribute to the population.Full Answer >
Leaving aside invertebrates, which are often microscopic, the smallest land vertebrate is Paedophryne amauensis. This tiny frog was discovered in the jungles of New Guinea, and adults are only 0.27 inch long.Full Answer >
The smallest unit of life is the cell. While there are other building blocks smaller than a cell, such as organelles and quarks, a cell is the smallest structure that functions independently. It can also replicate and perform all the necessary functions of life.Full Answer >