The shaft of a long bone is called the diaphysis. The narrow shaft transitions into regions called metaphyses, which terminate in broad, substantial areas of bone called epiphyses. These epiphyses form joints with other bones.Know More
The shaft is made up of compact bone that is covered with a strong membrane called the periosteum. Down the center of the shaft is a hollow that contains bone marrow.
Long bones facilitate skeletal mobility and include the femur, fibula, tibia, ulna, radius and humerus. The phalanges and clavicles are also classified as long bones, even though they are smaller in comparison to the limbs.Learn more about Bones
A doctor who specializes in bones is called an orthopedist, according to Dictionary.com. The medical specialization itself is called orthopedics. The word was first used in the early 1850s.Full Answer >
According to Encyclopædia Britannica, a mature bone cell is called an osteocyte. These cells, which are found in fully formed bone, develop from the bone-forming cells known as osteoblasts.Full Answer >
The outer layer of the bone is called the periosteum. This membrane layer of the bone is dense and made up of fibrous tissue. It also consists of nerves and blood vessels that provide blood flow to the bone.Full Answer >
Bone is made mostly of collagen and calcium. This combination works to make the bones strong and flexible at the same time, enabling them to be protective and rebound from stress fractures.Full Answer >