The mineral silicon dioxide found in food sources is likely safe but its safety as a medicinal supplement is not determined, explains WebMD. Men and pre-menopausal women who eat large amounts of silicon-rich foods have stronger bones and less risk for osteoporosis.Know More
WebMD adds that menopausal women see no benefit from increased silicon because it does not stop the bone deterioration that naturally comes with age; it only helps with bone formation. Although silicon is also used to treat cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer's disease, digestive disorders and hair loss, WebMD states that insufficient evidence exists to prove its efficacy as a medicine.
Forty milligrams per day seems to be the most effective dose to take by mouth for stronger bones, but there is no recommended dietary allowance, according to WebMD. Rare cases of kidney stones have been reported in people taking antacids with high levels of silicon for extended periods of time.
A 2010 study published in the Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture confirms that beer is a very rich source of silicon, especially beers derived from barley. Silicon is easily confused with silicone, a plastic-like material used to make breast implants and other medical devices, according to WebMD.Learn more about Atoms & Molecules
In it's three stable configurations, silicon is made up of 14 protons, 14 to 16 neutrons, and 14 electrons. There are 20 other isotopes of silicon that feature anywhere from 8 to 30 neutrons. However, all but two of these decay in a matter of seconds or milliseconds.Full Answer >
The element silicon is created through a process where carbon and sand are heated to temperatures close to 3,992 degrees Fahrenheit. Silicon is also very abundant in the Earth's crust and is the seventh most plentiful element in the universe. Silicon was first discovered by a Swedish chemist named Jons Jacob Berzelius in 1894.Full Answer >
Silicon was first isolated in the laboratory of Swedish chemist Jöns Jacob Berzelius in 1824. Berzelius extracted his sample by heating potassium in an earthenware vessel until the silicate rock began to break down. When he rinsed away the impurities, Berzelius was left with a sample of almost pure silicon.Full Answer >
Carbon dioxide is nonpolar because its bonds are symmetrical, according to Elmhurst College's Virtual Chembook. The bonds between the carbon and two oxygen atoms are polar; however, the entire molecule is nonpolar because the partial charges cancel each other.Full Answer >