Silicone is made of a chain of alternating silicon and oxygen atoms with two other atoms or compounds bonded to each silicon atom. Its structure is somewhat similar to a hydrocarbon chain, in part because of silicon being part of the same periodic group. However, bonds between silicon atoms, unlike bonds between carbon atoms, are unstable. Silicone, on the other hand, is very stable and resists both heat and chemicals.Know More
Silicone has a wide array of uses in both households and in industry because of its flexibility and ability to withstand both caustic chemicals and heat as well as being highly resistant to water. Silicone is a general term for a wide array of different compounds, but all share the alternating silicon and oxygen chains. However, silicone rubbers aren't the only place this structure is found, as it is also a common feature in many minerals. Silicone is used in solid applications as well as in liquid ones such as oils and grease. Such liquids neither break down at high heat nor become viscous, according to the University of California, Davis.
The chemically inert nature of silicone makes it appropriate for use in many medical applications, including implanted devices. Silicone is so heat resistant that it can be sterilized using heat without harm.Learn More
Taking an Epsom salt bath alleviates soreness and softens skin by restoring healthy levels of magnesium and sulfate ions in the body. Epsom salts are composed of magnesium sulfate, which dissolves to release ionic magnesium and sulfate ions once introduced to water. These ions can be absorbed through the skin and help alleviate a number of conditions, from eczema to tired muscles.Full Answer >
An additive called ethyl mercaptan is added to propane to give it the odor most people recognize. It is added so people can smell gas and determine if there is a gas leak.Full Answer >
The periodic table was invented by chemist Dmitri Mendeleev to organize and compare elements and understand their relations with each other. Mendeleev created the periodic table between 1868 and 1870 while writing his book titled "The Principles of Chemistry." Initially, Mendeleev created the chart for his personal benefit, but others quickly discovered its value, leading to its immediate acceptance and use by fellow chemists upon publication.Full Answer >
The density of liquid acetone is 0.785 grams per milliliter. Acetone is an organic solvent that is a colorless, flammable liquid used in a variety of chemical and commercial applications.Full Answer >