Q:

What are the similarities between plant and animal cells?

A:

Quick Answer

Plant and animal cells have many of the same organelles, they both divide to reproduce, and they share similar basic structure. Scientists cite these similarities as evidence that all life evolved from a common ancestor.

Know More
What are the similarities between plant and animal cells?
Credit: John Benson CC-BY 2.0

Full Answer

Eukaryotic cells, which are plant and animal cells, contain a nucleus, which distinguishes them from more primitive cells, such as those of bacteria. Inside the nucleus, both plant and animal cells have smaller compartments, called the nucleolus. The nucleolus contains the DNA for the plant or animal, and it serves as a set of instructions for building the various proteins that the organism needs. The DNA is usually clustered into groups called chromosomes.

Plant and animal cells both contain mitochondria. Mitochondria function as the primary energy source for the cell. Mitochondria were probably free-living bacteria that now live symbiotically in plant and animal cells. Vacuoles, used in the transport of resources, are found in both types of cells.

Both plant and animal cells also contain a structure known as the Golgi apparatus, as well as the endoplasmic reticulum. Reproductive plant cells and some animal cells have flagella that they use to move about. While plant cells have cell walls that animal cells lack, both have outer boundaries called cellular membranes.

Learn more about Cells

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the difference between plant cells vs. animal cells?

    A:

    Plant cells differ from animal cells in three major ways: their components, their function and the structures they build. Plant cells are typically more rigid than animal cells; they do not move, and they are able to synthesize all the chemical compounds needed by the organism. Animal cells must receive at least some of their nutrients from an outside source.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the differences between plant and animal cells?

    A:

    There are many differences between plant and animal cells, but one of the most obvious differences is that plant cells have a cell wall. Animal cells do not have a cell wall.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How do plant and animal cells differ?

    A:

    Plant cells differ from animal cells in their possession of chloroplasts, a cell wall, a large central vacuole and their relative lack of an internal cytoskeleton. Plant cells gain their form and rigidity from the pressure of their large, water-filled vacuoles against their tough cellulose cell walls. Animal cells must rely on protein-based skeletal structures within the cell to maintain their shape.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What makes plant and animal cells different?

    A:

    There are several key differences between plant and animal cells, such as cell wall structure, presence or absence of plastids, lysosomes and centrioles and shape of vacuoles. These characteristics are the primary and most distinct differences between plant and animal cells. However, they only exist in organisms classified as eukaryotic, and occur primarily in central organelles.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore