The distinction between prokaryotes and eukaryotes is the deepest division in the realm of life on Earth. Together, they include every life form ever discovered. Though the two groups share a common ancestry, there are basic differences between them. Eukaryotes have nucleated cells and identifiable cell structures called organelles, while prokaryotes are more variable in their cellular structure and lack a discrete nucleus, according to About.com.Know More
The three domains into which life is divided are Eukaryota, Archaea and Eubacteria. Archaea and Eubacteria are both prokaryotes. Eukaryota includes all plants, animals and fungi. Every large life form on Earth is a eukaryote, and the bulk of Earth's microbes are prokaryotes. Despite the physical size of eukaryotic organisms, the biochemical diversity of this domain is limited. Almost all eukaryotes derive energy either directly or indirectly from the sun. Plants photosynthesize, animals eat plants or plant-eating animals, and fungi efficiently decompose the remains of the other two kingdoms, explains the College of Computer, Mathematical and Natural Sciences.
Prokaryotes have evolved not just photosynthesis, primarily among the cyanobacteria, but decomposition and even the ability to extract chemical energy from rocks and geothermal vents. Such eukaryotes that are able to live near these environments do so mainly by subsisting on a food chain with either bacteria or archaea at the bottom of it.Learn more about Biology
According to Universe Today, the most distinct similarity between the Earth and Saturn is gravity. While the mass of the two planets differs incredibly, the gravity of Saturn works in the same way as the gravity of Earth. Saturn does not have a solid surface. However, if one were able to walk on Saturn, gravity would hold one to the surface just as it does on Earth.Full Answer >
Both Earth and Uranus are spherical, orbit the sun and tilt on their axes. Though the time to orbit the sun by the Earth is a year, it takes Uranus 84 Earth years to do the same.Full Answer >
All living cells need to perform a variety of activities, and these activities require energy. Reproduction, in particular, takes a significant amount of energy. Cells that are starved of energy sources eventually die.Full Answer >
The coding segments on a stretch of eukaryotic DNA are referred to as exons. Exons exist in the gene along with non-coding regions, which are referred to as introns.Full Answer >