The distinction between prokaryotes and eukaryotes is the deepest division in the realm of life on Earth. Together, they include every life form ever discovered. Though the two groups share a common ancestry, there are basic differences between them. Eukaryotes have nucleated cells and identifiable cell structures called organelles, while prokaryotes are more variable in their cellular structure and lack a discrete nucleus, according to About.com.Know More
The three domains into which life is divided are Eukaryota, Archaea and Eubacteria. Archaea and Eubacteria are both prokaryotes. Eukaryota includes all plants, animals and fungi. Every large life form on Earth is a eukaryote, and the bulk of Earth's microbes are prokaryotes. Despite the physical size of eukaryotic organisms, the biochemical diversity of this domain is limited. Almost all eukaryotes derive energy either directly or indirectly from the sun. Plants photosynthesize, animals eat plants or plant-eating animals, and fungi efficiently decompose the remains of the other two kingdoms, explains the College of Computer, Mathematical and Natural Sciences.
Prokaryotes have evolved not just photosynthesis, primarily among the cyanobacteria, but decomposition and even the ability to extract chemical energy from rocks and geothermal vents. Such eukaryotes that are able to live near these environments do so mainly by subsisting on a food chain with either bacteria or archaea at the bottom of it.Learn more about Biology
Some common features found in prokaryotes and eukaryotes are that they have cell plasma membranes, cytoplasm, DNA and ribosomes. Prokaryotes include organisms like bacteria and cynobacteria while algae, fungi and protozoans are types of eukaryotes. Although these different types of organisms have certain similarities, there are many more differences.Full Answer >
The main difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells is that eukayrotic cells have a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles, while prokaryotic cells lack these structures. Prokaryotic cells are the simplest of all living things, and they only exist as unicellular bacteria. All multicellular organisms and higher-order bacteria are comprised of eukaryotic cells.Full Answer >
Prokaryotes have the advantages associated with greater simplicity, including more rapid reproduction, rapid mutation and adaptation to new environments, and more diverse metabolic systems. They also possess an ability to pass on adaptive genes to other bacteria in the form of plasmids. While the organelles of eukaryotic cells provide distinct advantages, prokaryotes remain the most abundant and ubiquitous life forms.Full Answer >
Shared features in plants, fungi and prokaryotes include cells, cellular membranes and asexual reproduction. Bacteria and the archaea compose the prokaryotes. Plants and fungi make up the eukaryotes, along with animals and protists.Full Answer >