Q:

What are the simplest carbohydrates called?

A:

Quick Answer

The simplest carbohydrates are called monosaccharides, which have a carbon chain length of between three and seven. Many simple sugars are monosaccharides, including glucose and fructose. Note that glucose and fructose have the same chemical formula, but are arranged differently.

Know More

Full Answer

There are three main groups of carbohydrates. Monosaccharides are the shortest and simplest, and are the building blocks of more complex carbohydrates. Disaaccharides consist of precisely two monosaccharides bonded together covalently, typically at the end. Finally, polysaccharides are the most complex carbohydrates, consisting of three or more monosaccharides bonded together. Common examples of polysaccharides are starch and glycogen.

Learn more about Chemistry
Sources:

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is a dilution?

    A:

    When a unit volume of a liquid substance is mixed with an appropriate volume of a liquid solvent to obtain a desired concentration, it is called a simple dilution. A series dilution refers to repeating the process of a simple dilution as a more expedient means of obtaining the desired concentration factor. The source of the solute in each step of the series comes from the previous step.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is beryllium nitrate?

    A:

    Beryllium nitrate, also called beryllium dinitrate, is the ionic beryllium salt of the nitric acid HNO3. Its molecular formula is Be(NO3)2, and its molecular weight is 133.021982.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What do you call an element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction?

    A:

    An element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction is called a reagent, while the elements or compounds that result from a chemical reaction are called products. Reagents can be further defined as reactants, catalysts or solvents.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the monomers of carbohydrates?

    A:

    Carbohydrate monomers are called monosaccharides, which are also known as simple sugars. They are composed of either five or six carbons that have a ring-like structure and form a single sugar. Examples of monomers are glucose, fructose and galactose, which are all simple sugars. There are also disaccharides, which are two simple sugars bonded together, but they are not the main monomers of carbohydrates.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore