Q:

What are the simplest carbohydrates called?

A:

The simplest carbohydrates are called monosaccharides, which have a carbon chain length of between three and seven. Many simple sugars are monosaccharides, including glucose and fructose. Note that glucose and fructose have the same chemical formula, but are arranged differently.

There are three main groups of carbohydrates. Monosaccharides are the shortest and simplest, and are the building blocks of more complex carbohydrates. Disaaccharides consist of precisely two monosaccharides bonded together covalently, typically at the end. Finally, polysaccharides are the most complex carbohydrates, consisting of three or more monosaccharides bonded together. Common examples of polysaccharides are starch and glycogen.

Learn More
Sources:

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What happens when iron reacts with oxygen?

    A:

    Iron rusts when it comes in contact with oxygen and water. It rusts faster in acid rain and salty water. Both oxygen and water are necessary for rusting, which is an oxidation reaction.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Does aluminum react with oxygen?

    A:

    Aluminum reacts with oxygen to form a layer of aluminum oxide on the outside of the metal, according to HowStuffWorks. This thin layer protects the underlying metal from corrosion caused by oxygen, water or other chemicals. Aluminum burns in oxygen with a white flame to form the trioxide aluminum (III) oxide, says WebElements. Chemists write the chemical reaction between aluminum and oxygen as: 4Al+ 3O2 = 2Al2O3.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    When was boron discovered?

    A:

    Boron was discovered in 1808. French chemists Joseph-Louis Gay-Lussac and Louis-Jaques Thénard and English chemist Sir Humphry Davy independently isolated the element, and all three are credited with its discovery.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Why are Group 18 noble gases inert?

    A:

    Noble gases are inert due to their complete electron shells. Their stable atomic structure makes the energy required to add or remove an electron prohibitively high, so the noble gases do not form compounds in natural conditions.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore