Sir Isaac Newton is one of the most prominent scientists in history. Newton was an essential thinker during the scientific revolution, cataloging his work in "Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy." Newton is considered one of the most influential scientists and mathematicians.
Sir Isaac Newton lived for 84 years, between 1642 and 1727. In addition to laying the foundations of science, he invented the world's first refracted telescope, giving the world a gift in the form of optics. Newton penned three essential laws of motion, documented the law of gravitation, laid the groundwork for calculus and wrote about alchemy, theology and history.