The skin excretes sweat and dead cells from the body, according to the Franklin Institute. Sweating and dead cell excretion through the skin is a function of the integumentary system, which supports the excretory system.Know More
Sudoriferous glands, also known as sweat glands, are located in the dermis layer of the skin, notes InnerBody. The skin contains two types of sweat glands: eccrine and apocrine. Both types of glands remove liquids from the body and help regulate body temperature. Eccrine glands are found all over the body and secrete a mix of sodium chloride and water. Apocrine glands are located in the armpits and pubic areas, and they do not become active until puberty. These glands use hair follicles growing out of skin to excrete an oily liquid that also creates body odor.
Though both types of sudoriferous glands excrete liquids, the eccrine glands are primarily responsible for excreting wastes through the skin, according to InnerBody. In addition to excess water, the eccrine glands excrete electrolytes and chemicals, such as sodium, chloride, magnesium, potassium and calcium. Sweat also excretes some metabolic wastes that the body must expel, such as urea and bodily acids.
The eccrine glands can excrete alcohol through the skin after a person has been drinking, states InnerBody. Alcohol causes blood vessels to expand and causes an increase in blood near the sweat glands. The glands absorb the excess alcohol and process it out of the body as sweat.Learn more about Human Anatomy
Course information from the University of Cincinnati states that the excretory system is important to the human body because without it, nitrogenous wastes would build up in blood and tissues to toxic levels. The kidneys play a major role, filtering the nitrogenous wastes from the blood and mixing them with water to make urine. The kidneys filter large volumes of blood every day for this purpose.Full Answer >
The main way the endocrine system affects the excretory system is in controlling the amount of water released with urine. The endocrine system releases a series of hormones to cause the kidneys to resorb water from the urine when blood water levels are low.Full Answer >
The circulatory system is important because it is transports blood and other materials throughout the body. Without the circulatory system, the body does not receive oxygen, and the heart and lungs fail to work.Full Answer >
The respiratory system is a group of organs that provide the body with oxygen. Oxygen is needed for cells in the human body to live.Full Answer >