What is the SN2 reaction with 1-bromobutane?


Quick Answer

The SN2 reaction is responsible for taking 1-butanol and converting it to 1-bromobutane. SN2 and SN1 are reactions that take acids and catalyze them to create alkyl halides.

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Full Answer

Tertiary alcohols follow the SN1 reaction path and primary alcohols follow the SN2 reaction path. The SN2 reaction that converts 1-butanol to 1-bromobutane is a rapid protonation of the alcohol and involves a nucleophile attacking the carbon, which leads to the displacement of the water. This nucleophile attack is best for primary substrates, which is why it is used by primary alcohols and 1-butanol.

SN2 is also a nucleophilic substitution. In a nucleophilic substitution, the reaction is of an electron pair donor with an electron pair receptor.

1-butanol is known as butyl bromide. It is a colorless or pale, straw-colored liquid that is highly flammable. It is best for only experienced individuals to handle 1-butanol in a lab setting because its highly flammability is possible cause for concern. 1-butanol is known to have the molecular formula of C4H10O and a molecular weight of 74.1216. It is a four carbon linear hydrocarbon with a hydroxy group at the first position. It is used in human medication as a bactericide that treats "frothy bloat." It is also used to help patients in postoperative pain in otolaryngeal surgery or those who are in a far advanced stage of cancer.

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