In scientific language, a solution is a mixture of at least two substances in which the particles of the substances are of atomic or molecular size. A solution is a homogeneous mixture, which means that all parts of the mixture are exactly the same as every other part.Know More
Solutions are formed by having one substance, which is called the solute, dissolve into another substance, which is known as the solvent. According to HowStuffWorks, one of the most abundant solutions in the world is seawater. Seawater consists mostly of salt, which in this case is the solute, and water, which is the solvent.
A solution can occur in any of three states of matter: liquid, solid and gas. Most commonly solutions are liquids that are made of a solid, liquid or gas that gets dissolved into a liquid solvent. Other solutions can be the result of a liquid dissolving into a gas, a solid dissolving into another or a gas dissolving into another gas.
One of the most widely used solvents is water. In fact water is used so much for solutions that any solution that involves water is classified as an aqueous solution. Solutions can be found commonly in cleaning products, beverages and even the fluids that are found in plants and animals.Learn more about Solutions & Mixtures
A precise but simple explanation of the difference between a mixture and a solution is that a mixture is a substance made of other substances that are mixed but not joined together, while a solution is a substance made of two or more substances that do join together. If the kids are older, it should be noted that a chemical reaction takes place to create a solution and that no such reaction occurs in a mixture.Full Answer >
According to Mental Floss, the luminescence inside glow sticks comes from a chemical reaction between two substances that releases energy as light. The exact chemical makeup of a glow stick can vary from manufacturer to manufacturer, but most use hydrogen peroxide and a chemical called a diphenyl oxalate ester. When the two liquids mix inside the glow stick, they produce a light colored by a phosphorescent dye.Full Answer >
Oil and water don't mix because of a difference between the molecular structure of both substances which causes like molecules to bind tightly to other like molecules, leading to a quick separation between oil and water when the two are mixed. Oil floats above water because it is less dense. These two factors combine to make the two substances separate easily and behave in a predictable manner.Full Answer >
Water is a versatile solvent because it dissolves more substances than any other liquid. As a polar molecule, with the oxygen side having a negative charge and the hydrogen side having a positive charge, water can bind to ions and other polar molecules, dissolving them.Full Answer >