Q:

What is a solvent?

A:

Quick Answer

A solvent is the substance into which another substance dissolves to form a solution. It is the largest part of the solution. Its counterpart, the solute, is the part that dissolves within the solvent.

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What is a solvent?
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Full Answer

Liquids or gases are potential solvents. Several rules apply to help determine which is the solvent and which is the solute in a given solution. First, the solvent is there in greater quantity than the solute. Secondly, the solute has a change of state when it dissolves. Water is often called a "universal solvent" because it dissolves so many different substances. This fact is especially important within the human body.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Is sodium chloride a pure substance?

    A:

    Sodium chloride, better known as table salt, is considered a pure substance because it is a homogeneous compound. A pure substance can be either an element or a compound, where the individual chemical elements are always in a fixed proportion to each other.

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  • Q:

    What is the specific heat capacity of HCl?

    A:

    The specific heat of hydrochloride at constant pressure is 21.4 joules per Kelvin mole, according to Georgia State University. However, specific heat for gases is expressed in constant volume as well, which means that the specific heat for HCl also is expressed as 2.57 molar heat capacity in constant volume.

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  • Q:

    What does pH measure?

    A:

    The pH of a solution measures the amount of hydrogen ions that are in a solution. The term "pH" literally means "the power of hydrogen." The pH of a substance tells how acidic or basic a substance is.

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  • Q:

    What is a pH level?

    A:

    The pH level of a substance describes how acidic or basic it is. Substances with a higher pH level are more basic, while substances with a lower pH level are more acidic. A substance with a pH of 7 is considered neutral, neither acidic nor basic.

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