Q:

How do you stop erosion?

A:

Quick Answer

Plantings, wood-fiber mats, mulch and retaining walls are all methods of soil erosion prevention. Erosion control is vital for maintaining topsoil that provides plants with important nutrients.

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Full Answer

Planting vegetation is among the more natural ways to control soil erosion. Wildflowers, small trees and shrubs are some of the best choices for erosion control. Plants provide a barrier against wind, and their roots help keep soil in place. Plants that provide ground cover by spreading out are a perfect choice to combat erosion.

Mats made of wood fiber provide stability to soil in small areas. Ornamental plants, vegetable crops and trees are able to grow through the matting, providing a double layer of protection to soil. Wood mulch is an erosion control method similar to matting. The mulch layer stabilizes the soil and maintains its pH while allowing vegetation to grow. Mulch prevents erosion by allowing water to filter through slowly so that the soil has more time to absorb the water. Because both of these options involve wood, they are natural and simply biodegrade over time.

Retaining walls work best in combination with other control methods. The low wall keeps water inside garden beds so that soil has a chance to absorb it.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is erosion?

    A:

    Erosion is a natural process in which rocks or soil are moved from one location to another by wind or water. Material may move through erosion for distances ranging from a few feet to thousands of miles. Erosion often is most noticeable along shorelines, but it occurs in a variety of areas throughout the world.

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  • Q:

    How do you stop coastal erosion?

    A:

    While coastal erosion is not completely preventable, the use of retaining walls can help minimize the damage and slow the process. Through the use of man-made walls that line the coastlines, the erosion can be slowed, according to About.com.

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  • Q:

    What are the effects of erosion?

    A:

    The effects of erosion are varied, but the most obvious effect is the removal and destruction of land. Whether caused by wind or water, erosion leads to the displacement of soil, rocks, plants and seeds. These direct effects can often lead to broader consequences, including shrinking habitats for animals, accumulation of sediments, the removal of nutrients and other negative effects.

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  • Q:

    What is beach erosion?

    A:

    Beach erosion, often referred to as coastal erosion, occurs when the area’s sand is washed into the ocean. Beach erosion is a constant process, and the persistence of a beach depends upon local rivers and streams to transport more sand to the area. If the area loses more sand than it gains, it begins to shrink over time.

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