The structure of an ammonia molecule consists of one nitrogen atom surrounded by three hydrogen atoms in a trigonal pyramidal molecular geometry. Ammonia is denoted as NH3 in formulas and is also referred to as ammonia gas, nitro-sil, Spirit of Hartshorn, anhydrous ammonia, aromatic ammonia and vaporole. Its molecular weight is 17.0305.Know More
Ammonia is a colorless, pungent smelling gas. It is sourced both naturally and through manufacturing. From nature, it is produced from the decay of living things, bacteria and animal waste. It provides a source of nitrogen for animals and plants, naturally occurring in the air, water and soil.
Manufactured ammonia is most often used in fertilizers. Other manufacturing uses include:
Ammonia is also used in various industries:
Ammonia can also be used as a refrigerant in meat, fish and poultry processing facilities; dairy and ice cream plants; breweries and wineries; food and drink processing facilities and general cold storage warehousing.
According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, exposure to low levels of ammonia is common and includes uses of ammonia in the home, on farms through fertilizers and at work if the facility uses chemicals containing ammonia. Exposure to elevated levels of ammonia can be dangerous, causing fluid buildup in lungs and burning eyes, throat and skin. Swallowing ammonia will burn the mouth, throat and stomach and may cause acute abdominal pain. Direct exposure to skin can cause burns, blistering and dermatitis. Direct contact on the eyes may cause irritation or damage to the cornea, conjunctivitis and temporary or permanent blindness.Learn more about Atoms & Molecules
The UCLA Illustrated Glossary of Organic Chemistry explains the structure of tert-butyl alcohol, which is also known as tert butanol: It consists of a central carbon atom surrounded by three molecules made of one carbon and three hydrogen atoms, along with one atom of oxygen bonded to a hydrogen atom. One molecule of tert-butyl alcohol features: four carbon atoms, 10 atoms of hydrogen and a single atom of oxygen.Full Answer >
Mixing bleach with ammonia produces toxic gases that are known as chloramines, according to the Washington State Department of Health. These gases cause a number of uncomfortable symptoms, including wheezing, irritation to the mucous membranes, pneumonia from fluid in the lungs, chest pain, nausea, watery eyes, trouble breathing and coughing.Full Answer >
The balanced equation for the reaction of nitrogen and hydrogen that yields ammonia is N2 +3H2 produces 2NH3. This equation means that it requires one molecule of nitrogen gas to react with three molecules of hydrogen gas to form two molecules of ammonia.Full Answer >
The oxidation number for NH3, also known as ammonia, is 0. Although the oxidation number of the nitrogen atom in the molecule is -3, the oxidation numbers for the three hydrogen atoms are equal to +3, so the two elements cancel each other out.Full Answer >