A person who studies earthquakes is known as a seismologist. In addition to studying earthquakes, a seismologist also studies different vibrations in the Earth. These specialists use sophisticated tools, such as seismographs, to measure the intensity of vibrations. They also use specialized computers to create graphical models of earthquakes.
Seismologists work in various environments. There are seismologists who work as professors, and there are those who perform research in the field. When performing research, a seismologist gathers data to develop a hypothesis about why, where and when an earthquake may start. Seismologists use statistical analysis and data to identify potential earthquakes. They also generate answers that help make predictions about future earthquakes.Learn More
The difference between the Richter and Mercalli scales, both intended to measure earthquake severity, is that the Richter scale is a mathematical scale based on the measurements of scientific instruments, while the Mercalli scale is based on witness observation and structural damage. The Richter scale is much more objective and scientific and is usable anywhere there is an earthquake. The Mercalli scale is useless outside of populated areas.Full Answer >
An adequate earthquake survival kit includes a first aid kit, a home survival kit, a car survival kit and a work survival kit. The first aid kit and home survival kit should have enough supplies to last for three days.Full Answer >
A reverse fault is a type of dip-slip fault that is formed by compression between two sections of rock. It differs from a normal fault, one that is formed by the stretching of the rock, in that the hanging wall is pushed over the footwall.Full Answer >
An earthquake is defined as a series of vibrations within the earth's crust that are caused by the rupture of its rocks. This rupture is due to the gradual accumulation of elastic strain within the crust.Full Answer >