Q:

What is the study of rocks called?

A:

The study of rocks is known as geology. Scientists who study rocks are known as geologists. There are several subdivisions of geology, with different designations for researchers who study the individual disciplines.

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Several types of solid Earth structures are included in the field of geology. Mineralogists are scientists who study minerals. Petrologists are researchers who study rocks. The study of plate tectonics is done by structural geologists. Palaeontologists study the fossils present in solid earth. Stratigraphers study how layers of sedimentary rocks have formed over the years. The effects of ice, wind and water on the shape of landforms is studied by geomorphologists.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Why are rocks important?

    A:

    Rocks are important because geologists use evidence from them to learn about what the Earth was like in the past. They allow scientists to build a historical record of the planet to learn what events occurred before people lived.

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  • Q:

    What is transgression in geology?

    A:

    In geology, transgression is the process of a coastline migrating inland due to a rising sea level. Regression, in contrast, occurs when a coastline moves oceanward as a sea level falls.

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  • Q:

    What is exfoliation geology?

    A:

    Exfoliation geology is a type of rock weathering where the rock's layers peel off in whole sheets instead of grain by grain. Large-scale exfoliation occurs due to the mechanics of gravity on a curved surface, while small-scale exfoliation is due to chemical weathering.

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  • Q:

    What is meant by uplift in geology?

    A:

    In geology, uplift refers to a considerable vertical movement of the Earth's crust and is one of the primary factors in the formation of mountains and other prominent landscape features. Some of the more spectacular examples of uplifts in the Earth's crust are the results of tectonic plate interactions that are involved in the process called orogenesis. Major mountain ranges, such as the Alps, were produced by the orogenic uplift resulting from a collision of one continental plate with another.

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