Sublingual salivary gland swelling can occur for several reasons that include buildup of crystallized saliva and viral infections such as the flu, according to WebMD. Swollen salivary glands are also a common symptom of the mumps, as they occur in up to 40 percent of all infections.Know More
Factors that can cause sublingual salivary gland infections include herpes, poor oral hygiene, dehydration and radiation treatments of the neck, according to Healthline. Symptoms of an infected salivary gland include dry mouth, oral pain, facial pain, neck swelling and fever. It is important for individuals with symptoms of an infected sublingual salivary gland to consult with a physician as soon as possible, as the bacteria can travel to other areas of the body if the infection is left untreated.
In certain cases, inflamed salivary glands do not require treatment, according to MedlinePlus. However, if the glands are infected or an abscess has formed, antibiotics, needle aspiration or surgical drainage may be required. Home care remedies include rinsing the mouth with warm salt water and heat massage. Sucking on hard candy can also help to encourage saliva production and minimize swelling. Avoiding cigarette smoke and brushing the teeth twice a day can also help to promote healthy oral hygiene and encourage healing.Learn more about Glands & Hormones
Salivary amylase is an enzyme responsible for breaking down starch, according to Dr. Michael J. Gregory, a professor of science at Clinton Community College. Starch is a polysaccharide, which is a type of carbohydrate made up of monosaccharide or disaccharide units linked by glycosidic bonds, explains About.com contributor Dr. Anne Marie Helmenstine.Full Answer >
The pituitary gland releases hormones needed by other parts of the body. It helps other organs and glands such as the thyroid perform necessary functions.Full Answer >
The Cowper's glad, also known as the bulbourethral gland is responsible for producing pre-ejaculate fluid in the male reproductive system, as noted by Healthline. The purpose of the pre-ejaculate fluid is to make the environment of the urethra more hospitable for sperm and thus aid in reproduction.Full Answer >
The prostate gland is a part of the male exocrine system that supports healthy functioning of the sperm cells. The prostate surrounds the urethra at its starting point below the bladder and secretes a fluid that makes up 20 to 30 percent of seminal fluid.Full Answer >