The summer monsoon brings heavy rains and creates a moisture-rich atmosphere, while the winter monsoon generates long periods of dry and arid conditions. The summer monsoon generally begins in April and lasts through late September, while the winter monsoon arrives in October and ends in March. Rainfall produced during the summer monsoon can be very intense; flash floods and even crop damage are not uncommon in regions subject to the monsoon's effects.
The duration and conditions associated with both monsoons depend largely on the conditions over the Indian Ocean, where they form and the presence or absence of other atmospheric conditions. Generally, the end of winter brings warm and humid air from the southwestern part of the Indian Ocean; this air makes its way towards land, eventually settling over Southeast Asia.
The summer monsoon brings rain every day. Excessive atmospheric moisture and unusually warm air can create torrential, relentless rains that may devastate crop fields and wreak havoc in riverside communities and cities.
Winter monsoons arrive in October; they are characterized by dry air and cooler temperatures, offering rain-soaked regions a welcome relief from months of endless rains. Winter monsoons are usually less powerful than summer monsoons and may bring high winds in addition to drier air.Learn More
Drizzle is defined as liquid drops of precipitation less than 0.02 inches in diameter falling close together, whereas rain is liquid precipitation of greater diameter and spaced further apart. Drizzle falls in amounts of less than 0.03 inches per hour and rain comes down at a rate of 0.04 inches per hour or more.Full Answer >
Rain brings a multitude of benefits to the earth, including watering wild plants and crops, humidifying the air, creating streams and rivers, replenishing the water table and creating healthy negative ions. Perhaps the most important benefit of rain is its redistribution of fresh water in the water cycle.Full Answer >
Predicting floods requires a complicated analysis of not only rainfall potentials, but also the hydrologic condition of the watershed area, current river and stream levels and soil moisture levels. These predictions can include flash flooding caused by heavy rain and inadequate runoff or more severe flooding due to river or tide levels inundating an area.Full Answer >
There are many ways to save water, both inside and outside of the home. Some examples include turning off the faucet while brushing one's teeth and installing a water-conserving toilet. Active measures taken to reduce water consumption can be grouped into three categories: personal, professional and social.Full Answer >