The word sun comes from the Old English word "sunne," which derives from the Proto-Germanic word "sunnon." There are many cognates in other languages such as the Dutch word "zon" and the German "sonne," but no one knows for sure how the word came to be used. It probably derives ultimately from the Latin name for the sun, "sol."Know More
The ancient Greeks called the sun Helios, which was also the name of their god of the sun. The Greek name is still used in words such as heliotropic and heliocentric, but the more commonly used root name for the sun is the Latin word sol, from which comes the words solar, solarium and solstice.
Given the prominence of the sun in the sky, it is not surprising that most mythologies include a sun god. The Egyptians called him Ra or Re. To the Hindus he was Surya. To the Mesopotamians he was Utu or Shamash. The Celts called him Lugh. While most mythologies pictured the sun as a masculine god, the Japanese and the Hittites worshipped female solar deities. To the Japanese she was Amaterasu, while the Hittites called her Arinna or Hebat.Learn more about Our Sun
Dictionary.com defines the adjective "solar" as "of or pertaining to the sun." A second and less utilized definition is "a private or upper chamber in a medieval English house."Full Answer >
Once the sun touches the horizon, it takes approximately 2 to 3 minutes to go below the horizon. This is dependent on several factors, including latitude, time of year and atmospheric thickness.Full Answer >
The four outer layers of the sun are the photosphere, chromosphere, transition region and corona. The photosphere is directly observable, and it is the deepest layer of the sun.Full Answer >
The sun has had multiple names over the centuries, including the French word "soleil," the Latin term "sol" from the ancient Romans and "helios" from the ancient Greeks. However, after Germany coined the term "sonne," the word translated into English became "sonne" and later just "sun," according to NASA.Full Answer >