Q:

What is the symbol for carbon?

A:

The symbol for carbon is C. Carbon is a versatile element that can form compounds with many other elements. It is also an essential component of organic compounds.

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In its elemental form, carbon takes different forms. Carbon can exist in crystalline forms such as graphite and diamond, which have very different characteristics. Diamonds are the hardest substances on Earth, whereas graphite is soft.

Hydrogen and carbon combine with each other and other elements to form a class of compounds called organic compounds, which are important to living things. Carbon has four valence electrons, each of which can be shared with another element. The element commonly sharing an electron with carbon is hydrogen. A single carbon atom can bond with four hydrogen atoms. In this way, carbon can form long chains. Fats, proteins, carbohydrates and nucleic acids are organic compounds made with long, carbon backbones.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the melting point of carbon?

    A:

    The melting point of carbon is 6,332 degrees Fahrenheit. Carbon has the symbol C and the atomic number of 6. The element gets its name from the Latin word "carbo," which means coal.

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  • Q:

    Where can carbon be found?

    A:

    Carbon is found in the sun and other stars formed from the debris of a previous supernova. Carbon is built up by nuclear fusion in bigger stars. Carbon exists in the atmospheres of many planets, usually as carbon dioxide. Graphite is found naturally in many places, and diamond is found in crystal form in meteorites. Carbon is also found in all living things.

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  • Q:

    Is carbon an element, compound or mixture?

    A:

    Carbon is an element located in sixth position on the periodic table. Its symbol is "C." Known since early human history, there are abundant natural formations of carbon in graphite, diamond and amorphous carbon.

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  • Q:

    What does carbon react with?

    A:

    Carbon reacts with water, air, acids and halogens. Each of these things, when combined with carbon, leads to a different reaction.

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