While extreme high or low temperatures technically do not kill viruses, the influenza virus and many others are deactivated at temperatures ranging from 165 to 212 degrees Fahrenheit, the boiling point for water. Since viruses lack many of the basic structures and functions necessary to be considered a living organism, they technically cannot die.Know More
Since most viruses are deactivated at temperatures between 165 and 212 degrees Fahrenheit, food scientists advise to heat up meat to at least 165 degrees before serving. These temperatures kill bacteria, as well.
Viruses can withstand freezing temperatures, however. There are known HIV infection cases in which contaminated frozen human material has been implanted into a recipient and infected the patient.Learn More
By maintaining homeostasis, organisms remain healthy, strong and stable, with protection from the attacks of foreign organisms, such as viruses, bacteria and fungi. Homeostasis enables organisms to remain balanced while living in constantly changing environments.Full Answer >
Biological mutant agents are substances that change the genetic material of organisms, such as DNA, and include certain chemicals and rays, such as ultraviolet radiation, X-rays and gamma rays, along with viruses and bacteria. Many mutagenic agents cause cancer, and are dually classified as carcinogens. While mutant agents cause artificial changes in genetic codes and replication, some mutations occur naturally and are caused by spontaneous hydrolysis and errors in DNA replication, recombination and repair.Full Answer >
The boiling point of water is 100 degrees Celsius or 212 degrees Fahrenheit at one atmosphere of pressure or at sea level. However, at high altitudes, like on a mountain, water boils at a lower temperature. When atmospheric pressure increases, water boils at a higher temperature.Full Answer >
Water's boiling point is 212 degrees Fahrenheit, so water must be at least that hot to sterilize. Water needs to be boiling in order to become sterilized.Full Answer >